Species of Thailand

Cantor's narrow-headed sea snake

Hydrophis cantoris, Albert Charles Lewis Günther, 1864

(In Thai: งูแสมรังกุนเทอร์, ngu saem rang gunn ther)

Hydrophis cantoris is a species of venomous sea snake found in the Indian Ocean and its seas, bays and gulfs.

Etymology

The specific name, cantoris, is in honor of Danish zoologist Theodore Edward Cantor.

Description

Diagnostic characters: Head small, body long and slender anteriorly; scales on thickest part of body juxtaposed; 5-6 maxillary teeth behind fangs; 23-25 (rarely 21) scale rows around neck, 41-48 around thickest part of body (increase from neck to midbody 18-24); ventrals divided by a longitudinal fissure; prefrontal in contact with third upper labial; ventrals 404-468.

Total length males 1450 mm, females 1880 mm; tail length males 120 mm, females 140 mm.

Geographic range

Indian Ocean (Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Malaysia), Andaman Islands.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Elapidae
Genus
Hydrophis
Species
Hydrophis cantoris

Common names

  • English:
    • Cantor's narrow-headed sea snake
    • Gunther's sea snake
  • French: Hydrophide de Cantor
  • Thai: งูแสมรังกุนเทอร์, ngu saem rang gunn ther

Synonyms

  • Microcephalophis cantoris, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Hydrophis cantoris, Patrick David et al. (2004)
  • Hydrophis (Microcephalophis) cantoris, Vladimir Emelyanovich Kharin (2004)
  • Hydrophis cantoris, Alan E. Leviton et al. (2003)
  • Microcephalophis cantoris, Indraneil Das (1996)
  • Hydrophis cantoris, Kenneth R. G. Welch (1994)
  • Microcephalophis cantoris, Corkill & Cochrane (1966)
  • Microcephalophis cantoris, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Microcephalophis cantoris, Frank Wall (1921)
  • Distira gillespiae, Frank Wall (1905)

Conservation status

Data Deficient (IUCN3.1)

Data Deficient (IUCN3.1)

Photos

No photo for this species yet

Range Map

We have created a micro website to show daily statistics over snake observation logs collected from a few Facebook groups. It is possible to see some detailed statistics and download data free for research or any other purpose. Follow this link to open the site.