Established as a marine national park in 1974, Tarutao National Marine Park covers 1,490 km² area at the southernmost Thailand off the coast at Satun Province in the Andaman Sea. The park consists of 51 islands within two groups; Tarutao Group to the east and Adang-Rawi Group to the west. There are three archipelagos in the park; Tarutao Archipelago, Klang Archipelago and Adang Archipelago. The name Tarutao derives from Pulau Tertua (means "the island of old") which was the original name of the main island.
Tarutao National Marine Park was declared as an ASEAN Heritage Parks and Reserves 1982. The park was also a candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1990 but was rejected due to concerns around protection of river and forests, particularly on areas with saltwater crocodiles. The saltwater crocodile population is threatened in Thailand, sightings happen every couple of years.
At night, it is very easy to find mouse deer along the road, likely one of the densest populations of mouse deer in the country. While lesser mouse-deer is the dominant species in the island, with a bit of effort the very rare greater greater mouse-deer can also be found. Other mammals reported from the islands are; fishing cats, common treeshrews, Himalayan striped squirrels, dusky leaf monkeys, black giant squirrels, Sunda slow loris, Sunda colugos, grey-bellied squirrels, common palm civets, crab-eating macaques, wild boars and small flying foxes. There is also a big population of domestic cattles that has adapted to wildlife since decades ago.
There are around 110 species of birds recorded from Tarutao Islands. Reddish scops owls, beach thick-knees, Nicobar pigeons and masked finfoot are a few rare birds in Thailands recorded in the park. Few other reported birds are; brown boobies, grey-headed fish eagles, lesser fish-eagles, wreathed hornbills, great hornbills, grey nightjars, scarlet-breasted flowerpecker, pied trillers, white-bellied munias, red-throated sunbirds and plume-toed swiftlets.
Tarutao Island is a great place to spot some of the common animals of the country.
The two main islands, Ko Tarutao and Ko Adang are not touristy, great places for camping, to relax in peace far from the crowded beaches. There are many white sandy beaches, some kilometers long and without a single person.
The marine side of the park has many great spots for diving or snorkelling, particularly around Adang Island. Tours can be arranged from various agencies at Ko Lipe to get to the diving sites.
The nearest airport is Kat Yai Domestic Airport in Hat Yai district of Songkhla Province. Once arriving at the airport, there are always minivans waiting to take passengers to Pak Bara Pier. The trip to Pak Bara Pier takes less than 2 hours, about 120 km.
There are also regular minivan services from Krabi Town to Pak Bara Pier. These can be arranged from the main bus terminal in the town, or from hotels.
There are speedboats operating from Pak Bara on the mainland to Ko Lipe, they stop by at Ko Tarutao if the boat staff are informed. Price is around 300-400 Baht per person.
The boats leave Pak Bara Pier at 9 am, 11 am, 1 pm and 3 pm.
The transportation possibilities on Taruta Island are limited to a couple of mini truck style “shuttle taxis” operating during certain hours. These taxis can be arranged for around 300 Baht when needed.
A limited number of mountain bikes can be rented from HQ or at Mo Lae Bay but not always available. Motorcycles are allowed for personnel only, not possible to rent or borrow any.
Boats leave Tarutao Island at 10:30 am and Adang Island at 9 am, 11:30 am and 1:30 pm.
Entrance fees & opening times
The national park entrance fees are 200 Baht for foreigners (children 100 Baht) and 40 Baht for Thai citizens (children 10 Baht).
All attractions in Tarutao National Marine Park will be closed from 1st June until 30th September every year.
Stay & eat
There are park accommodations to rent at three ranger stations on Ko Tarutao and one ranger station on Ko Adang.
With the exception of very few rooms on one ranger station at Ko Tarutao, all rooms to be booked through the DNP website in advance. As the money transfer must be done within 2 days and the fact that it takes a longer time with transfer from abroad, it is only possible to book from within Thailand. Payments can be done at 7-Eleven convenience stores or banks.
The accommodation options are;
- 500 Baht for 4 people, 1 bedroom with shared toilet outside
- 600 Baht for 2 people, 1 bedroom, toilet
- 800 Baht for 2 people, 1 bedroom, toilet
- 1,200 Baht for 4 people, 2 bedrooms, 2 toilets
- 1,500 Baht for 2 people, 1 bedroom, toilet
There are 2 pax tents available for rent at the visitor centers of Ko Tarutao and Ko Adang. Tents cost 225 Baht a night, sleeping sets including a sleeping bag, a sleeping mat and a pillow costs 60 Baht per set.
Crab-eating macaques can be a bit of a headache for campers on various campsites. Good to not leave any food or anything that looks like a food package inside the tents.
All rangers stations have restaurants, normally open from 7 am to 2 pm and 5 pm to 9 pm. The restaurants at the ranger stations may close earlier.
The islands are also remembered for its dark history. Back in the late 1930s, Tarutao Island had been used to isolate political prisoners. Established in 1936, the first group of 500 prisoners arrived at the prison in 1938 and the number gradually increased to 3,000. Followed by coup attempts, the revolutionary Bowondet Coup Group and the Petty Officers' Coup Group were among the convicts isolated in the island.
When The Second World War broke out, the support from the mainland to the island was cut off causing food shortage and death of many prisoners. The guards and prisoners joined together to raid ships sailing around the island to survive.
Influenced by two prisoned British officers charged with murdering, the raiding party was led by an American plantation owner blaming the war for loss of his fortune. By the time, the raiding party got so strong that it became a major concern in the area. Until the British forces came to the rescue towards the end of the war, around 130 ships were sunk by the prisoners killing everybody onboard. Until the prison was shut down, nearly a third of prisoners lost their lives due to cruelty from guards, starvation and malaria.
After the war, farmers and fishermen took up residence on the island. By 1973, the population reached 1,000 villagers living mainly at Hak Bay. The population decreased to only 17 families after the islands got national park status.
Some villagers that left Ko Tarutao abandoned their domestic cattle behind. These cattles adapted to the wildlife and increased in numbers over the decades, they can be seen in herds sometimes.
You are recommended to ask a Thai speaking person to call on your behalf.
- 074 783 485 - Visitor Center
- 074 783 597 - Headquarters
The attractions of Tarutao
The most famous destination within the park is Ko Lipe, a small island south of Ko Adang. Ko Lipe was one of the most beautiful islands in entire Thailand but due to unregulated development nearly 90% of the beaches are currently occupied by long-tail boats and the whole Island seems to be a construction site. Like elsewhere in the country, resorts are built at the edges of the beaches. Another lost paradise with other words.
Ko Lipe is part of the Tarutao National Marine Park, but since it is a typical overcrowded tourist destination, we don't find anything interesting to write about from a wildlife conservation perspective.
Ko Lipe is the only location in the National Park where long-tail and other types of speed boats can be arranged to visit some great spots on the surrounding islands for scuba diving, snorkelling, wildlife watching and other activities.
This 150 km² island is the biggest of 51 islands in the national park. It is 26 km long and 11 km wide with the highest peak at 700 meters asl.
Ko Tarutao is home to national park headquarters located at the northwest side of the island on Ao Pante Malacca Bay. The bay has a smaller pier which is the main entry point to the island, a second pier is located around 12 km from HQ on the east coast.
The headquarters area has a visitor center, a small shop and other basic facilities. There are no ATM services on the island, so the visitors are advised to have enough money on local currency with them.
There are two ranger stations located along the coast line 4 km and 8 km south from the headquarters, both have camping areas, restaurants, park accommodations. Tents available for rent at every campsite.
Crab-eating macaques, langurs and boars are regularly seen around the headquarters area. Boars tend to show up more around evening time, sometimes also during daylight. A slow and silent night walk along the roads with strong flashlights in hand could be rewarding with a very good chance to see civets and mouse deers.
While the bays with ranger stations are cleaned up regularly, hundreds of tons of debris can be found along the tree roots along the remote beaches. These are the result of rubbish that has been dumped to the sea from ships further out and bloated all the way to the islands. While the most visited bays are cleaned up frequently, the remote bays are cleaned up only once a year.
Mo Lae Bay
Located 4.2 km south from the headquarters, this bay has a beautiful white beach, a restaurant, park accommodations and a camping area. Limited number of mountain bikes can be rented from the restaurant.
Tents and sleeping accessories are available for rent on arrival. There are a number of nice concrete accommodations with hot showers and fans, available only by booking in advance. The quality of accommodations in this bay is the best we have seen in any national park.
Macaques and dusky leaf monkeys are seen very frequently in this bay, boars tend to visit restaurant areas a bit after sunset and cattles tend to show up in early morning. In late evening many civets can be seen in the open area, easily spotted with flash-light. There is a good chance to spot mouse-deers during a silent night walk along the road a couple of km north or south, we recommend walking south.
Ao Son Bay
Located another 4.3 km south from Mo Lae Bay, this ranger station has a camping ground, a restaurant and a number of accommodations to rent.
The rooms can be rented on arrival, unlike other options in the island, no advance booking is required. A few basic rooms cost 500 Baht per night, one bigger option with 2 rooms and total 8 double beds available for 800 Baht per night.
For camping, tents and accessories are available for rent at the ranger station.
Due to its remote location and having very few premises around, this fantastic bay feels less touristy and probably the best and most quiet location in the entire island.
The small water stream flowing through the ranger station area gives the possibility to see more different types of animals like raptors and pythons, only a few hundred meters from the restaurant. Pythons are more active during the night, often seen hanging on trees, but also on the ground. Rangers will help you to find them during the day time for a very little fee. Although sighting is not guaranteed, rangers will show the trees where pythons are seen frequently.
There are no mountain bikes for rent at this ranger station. Few hundred meters up the road there is a start point for a 3 km long trail leading to a waterfall, see on map the first 1.3 km bit of the trail. The only other activity apart from the waterfall trail is kayak activity on the sea, price unknown.
Shuttle taxis operate from this ranger station at 8:30 am in the morning, to arrive at Ao Son Bay at 9 am and to headquarters before the arrival of the first ferry.
Ao Ta Lo Woo Pier
Located at the east side of the island 12 km from the headquarters, this pier extends a bit out to the sea until an impressive limestone karst.
Few hundred meters south on the road there is the start point for a 2 km long historic trail. The trail will lead to a few historic buildings related to the political prison that was built before the 2nd World War. Along the trail there are several information boards with some interesting facts about the dark history of the island, in Thai and English.
Accessible by long-tail boats from Ko Lipe, this 6 km long, 5 km wide island is the second biggest island in the national park. The highest point is 690 meters asl.
The Island has a ranger station, a visitor center, camping facilities, a restaurant and a number of park accommodations located at the south tip of the island. Park accommodations must be booked in advance through the DNP website.
Tents and sleeping sets are available for rent on arrival.
The island has a few nice trails, one of them a kilometer long trail to a viewpoint with a view over Ko Lipe and another 2.5 km trail through many viewpoints to a waterfall.
The shallow waters of Ko Adang are ideal for snorkelling.
This very small island half way between Ko Tarutao and Ko Adang doesn't have any premises and can be visited for day trips only. The island has a beautiful beach and is known for the most iconic view in the park, the arch rock formation at the end of the beach. Longtail boats will operate from Ko Lipe to Ko Kai for around 3,500 Baht a day.