Thai National Parks

Mammals of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Lesser mouse-deer

Binomial name: Tragulus kanchil, Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1821

The lesser mouse-deer or kanchil (Tragulus kanchil), also known as the lesser Malay chevrotain, is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Tragulidae family. It is found in Indochina, Burma (isthmus of Kra), Brunei, Cambodia, China (S Yunnan), Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra, and many small islands), Laos, Malaysia (peninsular Malaya, Sarawak, and many small islands), Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. It is the smallest known hoofed mammal, at a mature size as little as around 45 cm (18 inches) and 2 kg (4.4 lb). It is threatened by predation by feral dogs.

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Scientific classification

Tragulus kanchil

Common names

  • English:
    • Lesser Indo-Malayan chevrotain
    • Lesser Malay chevrotain
    • Lesser mouse-deer
    • Lesser Oriental chevrotain
    • Mouse deer
  • French:
    • Chevrotain kanchil
    • Petit tragul malais


  • Tragulus natunae, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1903)
  • Tragulus pallidus, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1901)
  • Moschus kanchil, Thomas Stamford Raffles (1821)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Lesser Mouse Deer

Lesser Mouse Deer

Copyright iStockphoto,

Range map of Tragulus kanchil in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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