Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Lesser mouse-deer

Tragulus kanchil, Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1821

(In Thai: กระจงหนู)

The lesser mouse-deer or kanchil (Tragulus kanchil), also known as the lesser Malay chevrotain, is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Tragulidae family. It is found in Indochina, Burma (isthmus of Kra), Brunei, Cambodia, China (S Yunnan), Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra, and many small islands), Laos, Malaysia (peninsular Malaya, Sarawak, and many small islands), Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. It is the smallest known hoofed mammal, at a mature size as little as around 45 cm (18 inches) and 2 kg (4.4 lb). It is threatened by predation by feral dogs.

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Scientific classification

Tragulus kanchil

Common names

  • German: Kleinkantschil
  • English:
    • Lesser Indo-Malayan chevrotain
    • Lesser Malay chevrotain
    • Lesser mouse-deer
    • Lesser Oriental chevrotain
    • Mouse deer
  • Spanish:
    • Ciervo ratón pequeño
    • Kanchil
  • French:
    • Chevrotain kanchil
    • Petit tragul malais
  • Italian: Tragulo minore
  • Dutch: Kleine kantjil
  • Russian:
    • Азиатские оленьки
    • канчили
  • Swedish: (Mushjort)
  • Thai: กระจงหนู


  • Tragulus natunae, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1903)
  • Tragulus pallidus, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1901)
  • Moschus kanchil, Thomas Stamford Raffles (1821)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)


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Lesser mouse-deer - Kaeng Krachan National Park
Lesser mouse-deer - Kaeng Krachan National Park
Lesser mouse-deer - Kaeng Krachan National Park

Range Map

Distribution map of Lesser mouse-deer, Tragulus kanchil in Thailand
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Kaeng Krung National Park
  • Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Dinsor (Chumphon Raptor Center)
  • Khao Laem National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kui Buri National Park
  • Si Racha District, Chonburi
  • Tarutao National Marine Park
Range map of Tragulus kanchil in Thailand