Species of Thailand
Striped sea snake
Hydrophis fasciatus, Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider, 1799
(In Thai: งูแสมรังหัวดำ, ngu saem rang hua damm)
Hydrophis fasciatus, commonly known as the striped sea snake, is a species of venomous sea snake in the family Elapidae (Hydrophiinae).
Hydrophis fasciatus has a small head, long body and is slender anteriorly. The scales on thickest part of body are subquadrangular or hexagonal in shape, juxtaposed or slightly imbricate. It has 5-6 maxillary (upper jaw bone) teeth behind fangs and 2 anterior temporals.
Body scales in 28-33 rows around the neck, 47-58 around midbody (increase in number of rows from neck to midbody 20-27); ventral scales 414-514 (average 460).
Anterior part of body including head and neck dark olive to black with pale oval yellowish spots on sides, sometimes connected as crossbars; posterior, grayish; below whitish; dark rhomboidal spots may extend down the sides of the body and form complete annuli in young.
Total length males 1100 mm, females 990 mm; tail length males 100 mm, females 75 mm.
- Indian Ocean (coasts of Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia).
- Coasts of Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo).
- Coasts of Australia, Philippines, New Guinea.
- Coasts of Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Fujian (China).
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- Hydrophis fasciatus
- English: Striped sea snake
- Thai: งูแสมรังหัวดำ, ngu saem rang hua damm
- Hydrophis fasciatus, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
- Hydrophis fasciatus, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
- Hydrophis (Hydrophis) fasciatus, Vladimir Emelyanovich Kharin (2004)
- Hydrophis fasciatus, John C. Murphy & Merel J. Cox & Harold K. Voris (1999)
- Hydrophis fasciatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
- Hydrophis fasciatus, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
- Micromastophis fasciatus, Prater (1924)
- Aturia fasciata, Frank Wall (1921)
- Disteira fasciata, Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1907)
- Hydrophis fasciatus, George Albert Boulenger (1896)
- Hydrophis fasciatus, Wilhelm Karl Hartwich Peters (1872)
- Hydrophis lindsayi, John Anderson (1871)
- Hydrophis chloris, Albert Charles Lewis Günther (1864)
- Hydrophis fasciatus, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1854)
- Aturia lindsayi, John Edward Gray (1842)
- Hydrophis gracilis, Hermann Schlegel (1837)
- Pelamis lindsayi, John Edward Gray (1831)
- Disteira fasciata, Leopold Fitzinger (1826)
- Pelamis fasciatus, Blasius Merrem (1820)
- Hydrus fasciatus, Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider (1799)
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
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