Thai National Parks

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Spotted forest skink

Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาเกล็ดเรียบ

Binomial name: Sphenomorphus maculatus, Edward Blyth, 1853

Spotted forest skink, Maculated forest skink or Stream-side skink (Bengali-তিলা অঞ্জন, তিলা আরজিনা) (Sphenomorphus maculatus) is a species of skink found in China, South Asia and Southeast Asia.

Description/Identification

Physical Structure: Head tapered and flat. Tail tapered and as long as two times of snout-vent length. Trunk and eyelid covered with scales. Scales on the back towards the tail larger. Upper side of the head, body and tail is brown, with smooth scales, and faint darker markings. The throat and belly are pale and immaculate. On the flanks, beneath the dark stripe, a mottled zone comprising yellowish and brown spots.

Length: Maximum: 19 cm., Common: 17 cm.(SVL. 6 cm.).

Maximum published weight: ? g.

Distribution

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (S Yunnan, SE Xizang = Tibet), India (Darjeeling, Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Myanmar, N. Thailand, Nepal, New Guinea, Sunda region (Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore), and Vietnam.

Habitat

Terrestrial; nocturnal; inhabits the vicinity of streams and small rivers in lowland and hilly areas. Found foraging among rocks and vegetation right at the waters edge.

Diet

Feeds on small insects and invertebrates.

Reproduction

Oviparous. Courtship and mating behavior is strictly ritualized and starts in April-June. Hatchlings emerge at the end of August-September [http://www.linknovate.com/publication/autecology-and-mating-behaviour-of-the-spotted-forest-skink-sphenomorphus-maculatus-blyth-1853-in-the-monsoon-forest-of-cat-tien-national-park-southern-vietnam-1699676/.

Uses

No known practical uses. Play rolls in echo-system by eating various types of insects and otherwise.

Threat to humans

Non-venomous and harmless to humans.

IUCN threat status

Not Evaluated (NE).

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Lacertilia
Family
Scincidae
Genus
Sphenomorphus
Species
Sphenomorphus maculatus

Common names

  • German: Gefleckter Waldskink
  • English:
    • Spotted forest skink
    • Streamside skink
    • Maculated forest skink
  • Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาเกล็ดเรียบ

Subspecies

  • Sphenomorphus maculatus maculatus, Edward Blyth, 1853

    Range: China, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Cambodia, N Thailand, Vietnam, Sunda region, Peninsular Malaysia, New Guinea

  • Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, Nelson Annandale, 1905

    Range: Myanmar, South Thailand (Phetchaburi etc.); Type locality: Meetan, South Burma.

Synonyms

  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Charles W. Linkem et al. (2010)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, T. Yamasaki et al. (2001)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
  • Sphenomorphus melanochlorus, Myron Budd Mittleman (1952)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Clifford H. Pope (1935)
  • Lygosoma maculatum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
  • Lygosoma melanochlorum, Carl Christoph Vogt (1932)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, Nelson Annandale (1905)
  • Lygosoma mitanense, Nelson Annandale (1905)
  • Lygosoma maculatum, George Albert Boulenger (1887)
  • Hinulia maculata, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1870)
  • Hinulia maculata, William Theobald (1868)
  • Lissonota maculata, Edward Blyth (1853)
Sphenomorphus maculatus

Sphenomorphus maculatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Sphenomorphus maculatus (juvenile)

Sphenomorphus maculatus (juvenile)

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Sphenomorphus maculatus

Sphenomorphus maculatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Sphenomorphus maculatus

Sphenomorphus maculatus

Copyright Thai National Parks

Sphenomorphus maculatus

Sphenomorphus maculatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Distribution map of Spotted forest skink, Sphenomorphus maculatus in Thailand

Range map of Sphenomorphus maculatus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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