Species of Thailand
Spotted forest skink
Binomial name: Sphenomorphus maculatus, Edward Blyth, 1853
Spotted forest skink, Maculated forest skink or Stream-side skink (Bengali-তিলা অঞ্জন, তিলা আরজিনা) (Sphenomorphus maculatus) is a species of skink found in China, South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Physical Structure: Head tapered and flat. Tail tapered and as long as two times of snout-vent length. Trunk and eyelid covered with scales. Scales on the back towards the tail larger. Upper side of the head, body and tail is brown, with smooth scales, and faint darker markings. The throat and belly are pale and immaculate. On the flanks, beneath the dark stripe, a mottled zone comprising yellowish and brown spots.
Length: Maximum: 19 cm., Common: 17 cm.(SVL. 6 cm.).
Maximum published weight: ? g.
Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (S Yunnan, SE Xizang = Tibet), India (Darjeeling, Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Myanmar, N. Thailand, Nepal, New Guinea, Sunda region (Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore), and Vietnam.
Terrestrial; nocturnal; inhabits the vicinity of streams and small rivers in lowland and hilly areas. Found foraging among rocks and vegetation right at the waters edge.
Feeds on small insects and invertebrates.
Oviparous. Courtship and mating behavior is strictly ritualized and starts in April-June. Hatchlings emerge at the end of August-September [http://www.linknovate.com/publication/autecology-and-mating-behaviour-of-the-spotted-forest-skink-sphenomorphus-maculatus-blyth-1853-in-the-monsoon-forest-of-cat-tien-national-park-southern-vietnam-1699676/.
No known practical uses. Play rolls in echo-system by eating various types of insects and otherwise.
Threat to humans
Non-venomous and harmless to humans.
IUCN threat status
Not Evaluated (NE).
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- Sphenomorphus maculatus
- German: Gefleckter Waldskink
- Spotted forest skink
- Streamside skink
- Maculated forest skink
- Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาเกล็ดเรียบ
Sphenomorphus maculatus maculatus, Edward Blyth, 1853
Range: China, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Cambodia, N Thailand, Vietnam, Sunda region, Peninsular Malaysia, New Guinea
Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, Nelson Annandale, 1905
Range: Myanmar, South Thailand (Phetchaburi etc.); Type locality: Meetan, South Burma.
- Sphenomorphus maculatus, Charles W. Linkem et al. (2010)
- Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, T. Yamasaki et al. (2001)
- Sphenomorphus maculatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
- Sphenomorphus maculatus, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
- Sphenomorphus melanochlorus, Myron Budd Mittleman (1952)
- Sphenomorphus maculatus, Clifford H. Pope (1935)
- Lygosoma maculatum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
- Lygosoma melanochlorum, Carl Christoph Vogt (1932)
- Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, Nelson Annandale (1905)
- Lygosoma mitanense, Nelson Annandale (1905)
- Lygosoma maculatum, George Albert Boulenger (1887)
- Hinulia maculata, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1870)
- Hinulia maculata, William Theobald (1868)
- Lissonota maculata, Edward Blyth (1853)
- Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Khitchakut District, Chanthaburi
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Ko Chang District, Trat
- Kui Buri National Park
- La-un District, Ranong
- Lam Nam Kra Buri National Park
- Mu Ko Chang National Park
- Mueang Ranong District, Ranong
- Op Luang National Park
- Pang Sida National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Pha Taem National Park
- Phu Phan National Park
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Raman Waterfall Forest Park
- Sangkhla Buri District, Kanchanaburi
- Sri Nakarin Dam National Park
- Tha Mai District, Chanthaburi
- Umphang District, Tak
- Wiang Kaen District, Chiang Rai
Range map of Sphenomorphus maculatus in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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