Species of Thailand

Spotted forest skink

Sphenomorphus maculatus, Edward Blyth, 1853

(In Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาเกล็ดเรียบ)

Spotted forest skink, Maculated forest skink or Stream-side skink (Bengali-তিলা অঞ্জন, তিলা আরজিনা) (Sphenomorphus maculatus) is a species of skink found in China, South Asia and Southeast Asia.

Description/Identification

Physical Structure: Head tapered and flat. Tail tapered and as long as two times of snout-vent length. Trunk and eyelid covered with scales. Scales on the back towards the tail larger. Upper side of the head, body and tail is brown, with smooth scales, and faint darker markings. The throat and belly are pale and immaculate. On the flanks, beneath the dark stripe, a mottled zone comprising yellowish and brown spots.

Length: Maximum: 19 cm., Common: 17 cm.(SVL. 6 cm.).

Maximum published weight: ? g.

Distribution

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (S Yunnan, SE Xizang = Tibet), India (Darjeeling, Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Myanmar, N. Thailand, Nepal, New Guinea, Sunda region (Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore), and Vietnam.

Habitat

Terrestrial; nocturnal; inhabits the vicinity of streams and small rivers in lowland and hilly areas. Found foraging among rocks and vegetation right at the waters edge.

Diet

Feeds on small insects and invertebrates.

Reproduction

Oviparous. Courtship and mating behavior is strictly ritualized and starts in April-June. Hatchlings emerge at the end of August-September [http://www.linknovate.com/publication/autecology-and-mating-behaviour-of-the-spotted-forest-skink-sphenomorphus-maculatus-blyth-1853-in-the-monsoon-forest-of-cat-tien-national-park-southern-vietnam-1699676/.

Uses

No known practical uses. Play rolls in echo-system by eating various types of insects and otherwise.

Threat to humans

Non-venomous and harmless to humans.

IUCN threat status

Not Evaluated (NE).

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Lacertilia
Family
Scincidae
Genus
Sphenomorphus
Species
Sphenomorphus maculatus

Common names

  • German: Gefleckter Waldskink
  • English:
    • Spotted forest skink
    • Streamside skink
    • Maculated forest skink
  • Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาเกล็ดเรียบ

Subspecies

  • Sphenomorphus maculatus maculatus, Edward Blyth, 1853

    Range: China, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Cambodia, N Thailand, Vietnam, Sunda region, Peninsular Malaysia, New Guinea

  • Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, Nelson Annandale, 1905

    Range: Myanmar, South Thailand (Phetchaburi etc.); Type locality: Meetan, South Burma.

Synonyms

  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Charles W. Linkem et al. (2010)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, T. Yamasaki et al. (2001)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
  • Sphenomorphus melanochlorus, Myron Budd Mittleman (1952)
  • Lygosoma maculatum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus, Clifford H. Pope (1935)
  • Lygosoma melanochlorum, Carl Christoph Vogt (1932)
  • Lygosoma mitanense, Nelson Annandale (1905)
  • Sphenomorphus maculatus mitanensis, Nelson Annandale (1905)

Photos

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Sphenomorphus maculatus - Khao Sok NP
Sphenomorphus maculatus - Kaeng Krachan NP
Sphenomorphus maculatus (juvenile) - Khao Khitchakut District
Sphenomorphus maculatus - Khao Sok NP
Sphenomorphus maculatus - Kaeng Krachan NP

Copyright Thai National Parks

Sphenomorphus maculatus - Kaeng Krachan NP
Sphenomorphus maculatus

Range Map

Distribution map of Spotted forest skink, Sphenomorphus maculatus in Thailand
  • Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Suthep - Pui National Park
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Khitchakut District, Chanthaburi
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khlong Lan District, Kamphaeng Phet
  • Ko Chang District, Trat
  • Ko Chang National Park
  • Kui Buri National Park
  • La-un District, Ranong
  • Lam Nam Kra Buri National Park
  • Mueang Ranong District, Ranong
  • Op Luang National Park
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Pha Daeng National Park
  • Pha Taem National Park
  • Phu Phan National Park
  • Phu Suan Sai National Park
  • Raman Waterfall Forest Park
  • Sangkhla Buri District, Kanchanaburi
  • Sri Nakarin Dam National Park
  • Tha Mai District, Chanthaburi
  • Thap Lan National Park
  • Umphang District, Tak
  • Wiang Kaen District, Chiang Rai
Range map of Sphenomorphus maculatus in Thailand