Species of Thailand

Indian forest skink

Sphenomorphus indicus, John Edward Gray, 1853

(In Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาอินเดีย)

Indian Forest Skink (Sphenomorphus indicus) is a species of skink.

Description

Habit lacertiform; the distance between the end of the snout and the fore limb contained about 1.6 times in the distance between axilla and groin. Snout short, obtuse; loreal region nearly vertical. Lower eyelid scaly. Nostril pierced in a single nasal, or between a nasal and a postnasal; no supranasal; rostral convex, largely m contact with the frontonasal, which is broader than long, and forms a narrow suture with the frontal; the latter as long as frontoparietal and parietals together, in contact with the first, second, and third supraoculars; 4 large supraoculars, followed by 2 very small ones; first supraocular not much longer than second; 9 or 10 supracilianes, first largest; frontoparietals and interparietal distinct, former a little longer than latter; parietals forming a short suture behind the interparietal; no nuchals; fifth and sixth upper labials largest and below the eye. Ear-opening oval, smaller than eye-opening; no auricular lobules. 36 or 38 smooth scales round the middle of the body, laterals smallest. A pair of large pre-anals. When the limbs are pressed against the body, the hind limb reaches the elbow or not quite so far. Digits rather elongate, compressed; subdigital lamellae smooth or obtusely keeled, 17 to 20 under the fourth toe. Tail almost twice as long as head and body. Brown or olive above, uniform or with scattered darker dots; sides of head and body dark brown, light-margined above; usually with large light spots; lower surface whitish.

From snout to vent 3.5 inches; tail 6.

Distribution

S China (incl. Hainan, west to E Xizang = Tibet, and north to Henan, Shaanxi, and Gansu, Guangdong: Nan Ao Island), Bangladesh, Bhutan,

Taiwan, Thailand (likely in Bilauk Tuang mountain fide Taylor 1963: 1020), Vietnam,

India (Darjeeling, Sikkim) east to Indochina and south to W Malaysia

Type locality: Sikkim, Himalayas.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Lacertilia
Family
Scincidae
Genus
Sphenomorphus
Species
Sphenomorphus indicus

Common names

  • German: Indischer Waldskink
  • English:
    • Indian forest skink
    • Himalayan forest skink
  • Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาอินเดีย

Synonyms

  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Larry Lee Grismer (2006)
  • Lygosoma indicum, Li et al. (2003)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Thomas Ziegler (2002)
  • Sphenomorphus cf. indicus, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus indicus, Alice Georgie Cruickshank Grandison (1972)
  • Sphenomorphus formosensis, Allen Eddy Greer & Fred Parker (1967)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus indicus, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
  • Lygosoma indicum indicum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)

Photos

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Sphenomorphus indicus

Range Map

Distribution map of Indian forest skink, Sphenomorphus indicus in Thailand
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Suthep - Pui National Park
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Nan Province
Range map of Sphenomorphus indicus in Thailand