Thai National Parks

Lizards and crocodiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Indian forest skink

Sphenomorphus indicus, John Edward Gray, 1853

(In Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาอินเดีย)

Indian Forest Skink (Sphenomorphus indicus) is a species of skink.


Habit lacertiform; the distance between the end of the snout and the fore limb contained about 1.6 times in the distance between axilla and groin. Snout short, obtuse; loreal region nearly vertical. Lower eyelid scaly. Nostril pierced in a single nasal, or between a nasal and a postnasal; no supranasal; rostral convex, largely m contact with the frontonasal, which is broader than long, and forms a narrow suture with the frontal; the latter as long as frontoparietal and parietals together, in contact with the first, second, and third supraoculars; 4 large supraoculars, followed by 2 very small ones; first supraocular not much longer than second; 9 or 10 supracilianes, first largest; frontoparietals and interparietal distinct, former a little longer than latter; parietals forming a short suture behind the interparietal; no nuchals; fifth and sixth upper labials largest and below the eye. Ear-opening oval, smaller than eye-opening; no auricular lobules. 36 or 38 smooth scales round the middle of the body, laterals smallest. A pair of large pre-anals. When the limbs are pressed against the body, the hind limb reaches the elbow or not quite so far. Digits rather elongate, compressed; subdigital lamellae smooth or obtusely keeled, 17 to 20 under the fourth toe. Tail almost twice as long as head and body. Brown or olive above, uniform or with scattered darker dots; sides of head and body dark brown, light-margined above; usually with large light spots; lower surface whitish.

From snout to vent 3.5 inches; tail 6.


S China (incl. Hainan, west to E Xizang = Tibet, and north to Henan, Shaanxi, and Gansu, Guangdong: Nan Ao Island), Bangladesh, Bhutan,

Taiwan, Thailand (likely in Bilauk Tuang mountain fide Taylor 1963: 1020), Vietnam,

India (Darjeeling, Sikkim) east to Indochina and south to W Malaysia

Type locality: Sikkim, Himalayas.

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Scientific classification

Sphenomorphus indicus

Common names

  • German: Indischer Waldskink
  • English:
    • Indian forest skink
    • Himalayan forest skink
  • Thai: จิ้งเหลนภูเขาอินเดีย


  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Larry Lee Grismer (2006)
  • Lygosoma indicum, Li et al. (2003)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Thomas Ziegler (2002)
  • Sphenomorphus cf. indicus, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus indicus, Alice Georgie Cruickshank Grandison (1972)
  • Sphenomorphus formosensis, Allen Eddy Greer & Fred Parker (1967)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus indicus, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
  • Lygosoma indicum indicum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Karl Patterson Schmidt (1928)
  • Lygosoma (Hinulia) indicum multilineatum, Franz Werner (1922)
  • Lygosoma (Hinulia) indicum taeniatum, Franz Werner (1922)
  • Lygosoma bowringi, R. Mell (1922)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus formosensis, John Van Denburgh (1912)
  • Lygosoma formosensis, Joseph Cheesman Thompson (1912)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, John Van Denburgh (1912)
  • Sphenomorphus indicus, Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1907)
  • Lygosoma cacharense, Nelson Annandale (1905)
  • Lygosoma indicum, George Albert Boulenger (1893)
  • Lygosoma zebratum, George Albert Boulenger (1887)
  • Lygosoma indicum, George Albert Boulenger (1887)
  • Eumeces indicus, John Anderson (1871)
  • Hinulia indica, John Edward Gray (1853)

Range Map

Range map of Sphenomorphus indicus in Thailand