Thai National Parks

Due to COVID-19 outbreak, all national parks, wildlife sactuaries and other protected forest areas in Thailand are closed from 25th March until further notice. Some popular tourist destinations like Similan Islands, Surin Islands are within national parks, they too are closed. We will announce from here when the parks reopen.

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Sabah pit viper

Binomial name: Trimeresurus sabahi, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer, 1981

Trimeresurus sabahi, commonly known as the Sabah bamboo pitviper, is a venomous pitviper species endemic to the island of Borneo.

Description

Adults may attain a snout-vent length (SVL) of 62 cm.

Dorsally, it is uniform green, without crossbars. Ventrally it is pale green. There is narrow bicolor stripe on the first one and a half dorsal scale rows. In males this stripe is rust-colored or red below, and it is white above. In females it is yellow or white. The iris of the eye is red or orange in adults of both sexes, but in young specimens may be yellowish-green. There are no markings behind the eye.

The scalation includes 21 (23) rows of dorsal scales at midbody, 149-157/148-156 ventral scales in males/females or 148-159 in general, 72-76/59-65 subcaudal scales in males/females, and 9-11 supralabial scales (9-10 with the third being the largest).

Geographic range

Found on the island of Borneo in East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak) and Indonesia (North Kalimantan). The type locality given is "Mount Kinabalu, Kulapis River, British North Borneo".

Habitat

It inhabits mountainous regions at altitudes from 1, 000 m to 1, 150 m, where it is commonly found on branches of shrubs and other low vegetation.

Reproduction

The reproductive biology of this species is unknown.

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Viperidae
Genus
Trimeresurus
Species
Trimeresurus sabahi

Common names

  • English:
    • Sabah pit viper
    • Toba pit viper
    • The fairy pit viper
    • Barat namboo pit viper
    • Siamese peninsula pit viper
    • Sabah bamboo pit viper

Subspecies

  • Trimeresurus sabahi barati, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer, 1981

  • Trimeresurus sabahi buniana, Larry Lee Grismer, Jesse L Grismer & Jimmy Adair McGuire, 2006

  • Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus, Gernot Vogel, Patrick David & Olivier S.G. Pauwels, 2004

  • Trimeresurus sabahi sabahi, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer, 1981

  • Trimeresurus sabahi toba, Patrick David, Massimo Petri, Olivier S.G. Pauwels & Giuliano Doria, 2009

Synonyms

  • Trimeresurus sabahi sabahi, Daniel G. Mulcahy et al. (2017)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi barati, Daniel G. Mulcahy et al. (2017)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi buniana, Daniel G. Mulcahy et al. (2017)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus, Daniel G. Mulcahy et al. (2017)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi toba, Daniel G. Mulcahy et al. (2017)
  • Popeia fucatus, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (2015)
  • Popeia sabahi, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Popeia barati, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Popeia buniana, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Popeia fucatus, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Popeia toba, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Popeia fucata, Indraneil Das (2012)
  • Trimeresurus (Popeia) sabahi, Patrick David et al. (2011)
  • Trimeresurus (Popeia) barati, Patrick David et al. (2011)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi, Patrick David et al. (2009)
  • Trimeresurus barati, Patrick David et al. (2009)
  • Trimeresurus bunianus, Patrick David et al. (2009)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi toba, Patrick David, Massimo Petri, Olivier S.G. Pauwels & Giuliano Doria (2009)
  • Trimeresurus (Popeia) toba, Patrick David, Massimo Petri, Olivier S.G. Pauwels & Giuliano Doria (2009)
  • Trimeresurus toba, Patrick David et al. (2009)
  • Trimeresurus fucatus, Patrick David et al. (2009)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi buniana, Larry Lee Grismer, Jesse L Grismer & Jimmy Adair McGuire (2006)
  • Popeia sabahi, K. L. Sanders et al. (2006)
  • Trimeresurus barati, Larry Lee Grismer et al. (2006)
  • Popeia popeiorum barati, K. L. Sanders et al. (2006)
  • Popeia fucata, Larry Lee Grismer, Jesse L Grismer & Jimmy Adair McGuire (2006)
  • Popeia buniana, Larry Lee Grismer, Jesse L Grismer & Jimmy Adair McGuire (2006)
  • Popeia fucata, Larry Lee Grismer (2006)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum sabahi, Andreas Gumprecht et al. (2004)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi, Gernot Vogel et al. (2004)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum barati, Andreas Gumprecht et al. (2004)
  • Trimeresurus barati, Gernot Vogel et al. (2004)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus, Gernot Vogel, Patrick David & Olivier S.G. Pauwels (2004)
  • Trimeresurus fucatus, Gernot Vogel, Patrick David & Olivier S.G. Pauwels (2004)
  • Trimeresurus cf. sabahi, Gernot Vogel et al. (2004)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum popeiorum, Tzi-Ming Leong & Kelvin K. P. Lim (2003)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum sabahi, Rudolf Malkmus et al. (2002)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum popeorum, Nikolai L. Orlov et al. (2002)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum popeiorum, Nikolai L. Orlov et al. (2002)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Andreas Gumprecht (2001)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum popeiorum, Djoko Tjahjono Iskandar & E. Colijn (2001)
  • Trimeresurus cf. popeiorum, Wolfgang Grossmann & Frank Tillack (2001)
  • Trimeresurus erythrurus, Wirot Nutphand (2001)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum, Roy W. McDiarmid et al. (1999)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum popeiorum, Patrick David & Ivan Ineich (1999)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum ssp., Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Trimeresurus cf. popeiorum, LIM & LIM (1999)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Kelvin K. P. Lim et al. (1995)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum, Piboon Jintakune & Lawan Chanhome (1995)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus sabahi, Kenneth R. G. Welch (1994)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus barati, Kenneth R. G. Welch (1994)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum barati, Philippe Golay et al. (1993)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum popeorum, Philippe Golay et al. (1993)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum, Wolfgang Wüster (1992)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Kelvin K. P. Lim (1991)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum popeorum, Merel J. Cox (1991)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Kelvin K. P. Lim (1990)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum ssp., Gernot Vogel (1990)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus barati, Kenneth R. G. Welch (1988)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus gramineus, Kenneth R. G. Welch (1988)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie (1983)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Kelvin K. P. Lim (1982)
  • Trimeresurus erythrurus, Thumwipat & Wirot Nutphand (1982)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum sabahi, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer (1981)
  • Trimeresurus sabahi barati, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer (1981)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum barati, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer (1981)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum barati, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer (1981)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus, Alphonse Richard Hoge & Sylvia A. R. W. Romano-Hoge (1981)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum popeorum, Urs Regenass & Eugen Kramer (1981)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum, Julian Christopher Mark Dring (1979)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum, Alice Georgie Cruickshank Grandison (1978)
  • Trimeresurus sumatranus, Wirot Nutaphand (1971)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie (1957)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie (1954)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Trimeresurus popiorum, Thomas Paul Maslin, Jr. (1942)
  • Trimeresurus popae, Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie (1941)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus gramineus, Felix Kopstein (1938)
  • Trimeresurus popeorum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1937)
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1937)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus, Clifford Hillhouse Pope & Sarah H. Pope (1933)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus
  • Trimeresurus gramineus, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1922)
  • Lachesis gramineus, BAUMANN (1913)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus, George Albert Boulenger (1912)
  • Lachesis gramineus, Stanley Smyth Flower (1899)
  • Lachesis gramineus, George Albert Boulenger (1896)
  • Trimeresurus gramineus, Theodore Edward Cantor (1847)
  • Coluber gramineus, Thomas Stamford Raffles (1822)

Free photo downloads

Photos below for this species are published under Creative Commons license, means completely free for download. No need to ask for our permission to publish these on various media. Click the thumbnails for more details & download options.

  • Trimeresurus sabahi
  • Trimeresurus sabahi
  • Trimeresurus sabahi

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Distribution map of Sabah pit viper, Trimeresurus sabahi in Thailand
  • Betong District, Yala
  • Khao Ram Rome
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Ko Lanta National Park
  • La-un District, Ranong
  • Lam Nam Kra Buri National Park
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • Mueang Ranong District, Ranong
  • Raman Waterfall Forest Park
  • Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
  • Thale Ban National Park
  • Yong Waterfall National Park

Range map of Trimeresurus sabahi in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Biodiversity Survey & Species ID group on Facebook.