Species of Thailand

Mangrove pit viper

Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, John Edward Gray, 1832

(In Thai: งูพังกา, ngu phang gaa)

Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus is a venomous pit viper species native to India, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia. Common names include: mangrove pit viper, mangrove viper, and shore pit viper.

Description

Males grow to a total length of 66.5 cm, females 90 cm. The maximum tail lengths are then 12.5 cm and 14 cm respectively.

Scales in 25-27 longitudinal rows at midbody; 11-13 upper labials, the first partially or completely united with the nasal; supraocular very narrow, sometimes broken into small scales, 12-15 scales between them; head scales small, subequal, tuberculate or granular; temporal scales keeled.

Body color highly variable: above olive, grayish, to dark purplish brown; below whitish, greenish or brown, uniform or spotted with brown; a light line on scale row one bordering ventrals present or absent; head olive, heavily suffused with brown.

Ventrals: males 160-179, females 168-183; subcaudals: males 74-76, females 56-63, paired; hemipenes without spines.

Common names

Mangrove pit viper, mangrove viper, shore pit viper, purple-spotted pit viper, shore pitviper.

Geographic range

Found in Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, West Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia (Sumatra and Java). The type locality is listed as "Singapore".

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Viperidae
Genus
Trimeresurus
Species
Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus

Common names

  • German: Mangrovenotter
  • English:
    • Shore pit viper
    • Mangrove biper
  • Thai:
    • งูพังกา, ngu phang gaa
    • งูเขียวหางไหม้ลายเสือ, ngu khieow hang mai lai seua

Synonyms

  • Cryptelytrops purpureomaculatus, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (2015)
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) purpureomaculatus, Patrick David et al. (2011)
  • Cryptelytrops purpureomaculatus, Anita Malhotra & Roger Stephen Thorpe (2004)
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, Andreas Gumprecht et al. (2004)
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, Roy W. McDiarmid, Jonathan A. Campbell & T'Shaka A. Touré (1999)
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus purpureomaculatus, Kenneth R. G. Welch (1994)
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

Please help us review our species pages if wrong photos are used or any other details in the page is wrong. We can be reached via our Facebook group or contact us page.

Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus (adult)
Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus (adult)
Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus (juvenile)
Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus

Range Map

Distribution map of Mangrove pit viper, Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus in Thailand
  • Ao Phang-Nga National Park
  • Kanchanadit District, Surat Thani
  • Kantang District, Trang
  • Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
  • Ko Lanta District, Krabi
  • Ko Lanta National Park
  • Ko Phayam
  • Kra Buri District, Ranong
  • Lam Nam Kra Buri National Park
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • Mueang Satun District, Satun
  • Phi Phi Islands
  • Ranong Coast
  • Surin Islands
  • Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
  • Thai Mueang District, Phang Nga
  • Thalang District, Phuket
  • Thung Wa District, Satun
Range map of Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus in Thailand

We have created a micro website to show daily statistics over snake observation logs collected from a few Facebook groups. It is possible to see some detailed statistics and download data free for research or any other purpose. Follow this link to open the site.