Species of Thailand

Smith's green-eyed gecko

Gekko smithii, John Edward Gray, 1842

(In Thai: ตุ๊กแกสีเทา)

Gekko smithii, commonly known as Smith's green-eyed gecko or the large forest gecko, is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is native to mainland Southeast Asia and Indonesia.

Description

G. smithii is one of the biggest geckos, reaching a total length (including tail) of 35 cm.

Etymology

The specific name, smithii, is in honor of Scottish zoologist Andrew Smith (1797–1872), who was the founder of the South African Museum.

Similar species

Species of similar appearance include Gekko taylori and Gekko gecko, as well as Gekko verreauxii (from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands) and Gekko siamensis (from central Thailand).

Geographic range

G. smithii is found in southern Thailand (Satun, Narathiwatk Pattani), Singapore, western Malaysia (Pulau Pinang, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Pulau Tioman), Myanmar (Burma), India (Nicobar Islands), and Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra, Pulau Nias, Java).

The type locality is "Prince of Wales' Island" (= Pulau Pinang, West Malaysia).

Habitat

The preferred natural habitat of G. smithii is forest.

Diet

G. smithii preys on insects, especially grasshoppers.

Reproduction

The sexually mature female G. smithii lays a clutch of two eggs. The eggs are almost spherical, the average egg measuring 20 x 19 mm (0.79 x 0.75 in).

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Lacertilia
Family
Gekkonidae
Genus
Gekko
Species
Gekko smithii

Common names

  • German: Smith’ Grünaugengecko
  • English:
    • Smith's (green-eyed) gecko
    • Large forest gecko
  • Thai:
    • ตุ๊กแกสีเทา
    • ตุ๊กแกป่าใต้

Synonyms

  • Gekko smithii, Larry Lee Grismer (2011)
  • Gekko smithii, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Gekko smithii, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Gekko smithii, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Gekko smithi, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
  • Gekko smithi, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
  • Gecko stentor, Norman Smedley (1931)
  • Gecko stentor, Johann Gustav Fischer (1885)
  • Gecko smithii, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1870)
  • Gecko stentor, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1870)

Photos

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Smith's green-eyed gecko range

Range Map

Distribution map of Smith's green-eyed gecko, Gekko smithii in Thailand
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Nan National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Thale Ban National Park
Range map of Gekko smithii in Thailand