Thai National Parks

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Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Sumatran flying dragon

Binomial name: Draco sumatranus, Hermann Schlegel, 1844

The common gliding lizard (Draco sumatranus) is a species of agamid lizard endemic to Southeast Asia. It has elongated ribs and skin flaps on the sides of its body. When opened, these skin flaps allow it to glide between tree trunks.


It is primarily a tree dweller, except that the females come down to the forest floor to lay eggs.


The body length is of about 9 cm, with a slightly longer tail. The body is of a dark grey/brown colouration with stripes and patterns to help it camouflage against the tree trunks. The males have a yellow triangular flap of skin under the chin, the gular fold, which is used to communicate with other lizards, mostly for mating. Females have a much smaller and blue flap.


They feed on small insects.


They are relatively common in forests and in urban settings such as parks and gardens.

Geographic range

They are found in Southeast Asia: Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo and Palawan.

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Scientific classification

Draco sumatranus

Common names

  • English:
    • Sumatran flying dragon
    • Common gliding lizard


  • Draco sumatranus, Indraneil Das & Norsham S. Yaakob (2007)
  • Draco sumatranus, Larry Lee Grismer et al. (2002)
  • Draco sumatranus, Jimmy Adair McGuire & Kiew Bong Heang (2001)
  • Draco volans sumatranus, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Draco volans sumatranus, Kees Musters (1983)
  • Draco viridis var. sumatrana, Hermann Schlegel (1844)
Distribution map of Sumatran flying dragon, Draco sumatranus in Thailand
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kathu District, Phuket
  • Ko Lanta National Park
  • Ko Yao District, Phang Nga
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi

Range map of Draco sumatranus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

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