Thai National Parks

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Striped bronzeback

Thai: งูสายม่านแดงหลังลาย (ngu sai man daeng lang lai)

Binomial name: Dendrelaphis caudolineatus, John Edward Gray, 1834

Dendrelaphis caudolineatus is a common species of colubrid snake known commonly as the striped bronzeback or bronze tree snake. It is erroneously called 'garter snake' in the Philippines. It is not venomous and it is the most commonly sold snake as a pet. Though in captivity, they don't live as long as in the wild.

There are five subspecies which range in distribution from southern Burma to Sulawesi.

IUt is a rather small and thin snake, it can reach a length of 180 centimeters but is usually closer to 140 cm. The males are usually thinner than females but are more colorful, ranging from a reddish shade or bright chestnut brown, to a shiny bronze color. The females are usually dull-colored, and more stout-bodied than the males. It is also observed that females of this species tend to be less active than the males. It is mostly arboreal but rarely climbs higher than 4 meters and is mostly found in the open ground or on grassy plains. It has been recorded in most habitats in its range, from coastal lowlands to mountainous areas up to 1500 in elevation. It feeds mainly on lizards and tree frogs.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Colubridae
Genus
Dendrelaphis
Species
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus

Common names

  • German: Gestreifte Bronzenatter
  • English:
    • Gray bronzeback
    • Striped bronzeback
  • Thai: งูสายม่านแดงหลังลาย (ngu sai man daeng lang lai)

Subspecies

  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus appalachius, Piper, 1856

    Common name: Appalachian striped tree snake

    Range: Found in the central part of the Appalachian Mountains.

  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus caudolineatus, John Edward Gray, 1834

    Range: Fairly widespread from Burma and Thailand to Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Sumatra, and into the Philippines.

  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus flavescens, Maren Gaulke, 1994

    Range: Found in the Sulu Archipelago.

  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus luzonensis, Alan E. Leviton, 1964

    Range: Found on the southern islands of the Philippines.

  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus modestus, George Albert Boulenger, 1894

    Range: Found on the Maluku Islands.

  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus terrificus, Wilhelm Karl Hartwich Peters, 1871

    Range: Found across northeast Sulawesi and into the southern Philippines.

Synonyms

  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus, Johan van Rooijen & Gernot Vogel (2012)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineata, R.C. Sharma (2004)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus caudolineatus, Maren Gaulke (1999)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus caudolineatus, Alan E. Leviton (1968)
  • Ahaetulla caudolineata caudolineata, Georg Haas (1950)
  • Ahaetulla caudolineata, Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie (1950)
  • Ahaetulla caudolineata, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Dendrophis caudolineatus caudolineatus, Wilhelm Meise & Emil Hans Willi Hennig (1932)
  • Dendrophis caudolineatus, Frank Wall (1921)
  • Dendrophis effrenis, Frank Wall (1921)
  • Dendrophis effrenis, Franz Werner (1909)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus, George Albert Boulenger (1894)
  • Dendrelaphis modestus, George Albert Boulenger (1894)
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus, George Albert Boulenger (1890)
  • Dendrophis caudolineatus, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1873)
  • Dendrophis caudilineata sic, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1870)
  • Dendrophis octolineatus, Pieter Bleeker (1858)
  • Dendrophis caudolineata, Albert Charles Lewis Günther (1858)
  • Dendrophis sex lineata in, André Marie Constant Duméril, Gabriel Bibron & Auguste Duméril (1854)
  • Dendrophis octo lineata, André Marie Constant Duméril, Gabriel Bibron & Auguste Duméril (1854)
  • Leptophis caudalineatus, Theodore Edward Cantor (1847)
  • Ahaetulla caudolineata, John Edward Gray in George Robert Gray & Thomas Hardwicke (1834)
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus

Dendrelaphis caudolineatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Dendrelaphis caudolineatus

Dendrelaphis caudolineatus

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks

Dendrelaphis caudolineatus (juvenile)

Dendrelaphis caudolineatus (juvenile)

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported

Distribution map of Striped bronzeback, Dendrelaphis caudolineatus in Thailand
  • Bannang Sata (Malay: Benang Setar) District, Yala
  • Chana (Malay: Chenok) District, Songkhla
  • Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khok Pho District, Pattani
  • Ko Pha-ngan District, Surat Thani
  • Ko Samui District, Surat Thani
  • Raman Waterfall Forest Park
  • Thalang District, Phuket
  • Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Waeng District, Narathiwat

Range map of Dendrelaphis caudolineatus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits and Parinya Pawangkhanant for their help with many range data.

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