Species of Thailand
Binomial name: Pericrocotus speciosus, John Aubrey Clarendon Latham, 1790
The scarlet minivet (Pericrocotus speciosus) is a small passerine bird. This minivet is found in tropical southern Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to southern China, Indonesia, and the Philippines. They are common resident breeding birds in forests and other well-wooded habitats including gardens, especially in hilly country. While the male of most subspecies are scarlet to orange with black upper parts, the females are usually yellow with greyish olive upper parts. Several former subspecies have been elevated to species status in recent works. These include the orange minivet. All subspecies have the same habits of gleaning for insects and are often seen in mixed-species foraging flocks, usually foraging in small groups, high up in the forest canopy.
The scarlet minivet is 20 – 22 cm long with a strong dark beak and long wings. The male has black upperparts and head, and scarlet underparts, tail edges, rump and wing patches. The shape and colour of the wing patches and the shade or orange in the male varies across populations. In the subspecies nigroluteus and marchesae from south Philippines the scarlet/orange is entirely replaced by yellow. The female is grey above, with yellow underparts (including the face), tail edges, rump and wing patches.
Ecology and behaviour
This minivet catches insects in trees by flycatching or while perched. It flushes insects out of foliage by beating its wings hard. Scarlet minivet will form small flocks. Its song is a pleasant whistling. This bird nests high up in the treetops. The nest is a cup-like structure woven with small twigs and spiders' webs to increase the strength of the nest. Two or three spotted pale green eggs are laid. Incubation is mainly by the female, but both birds help to raise the offspring.
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- Pericrocotus speciosus
Pericrocotus speciosus andamanensis, Robert Cecil Beavan, 1867
Range: Andaman Islands
Pericrocotus speciosus exul, Alfred Russel Wallace, 1864
Pericrocotus speciosus flammifer, Allan Octavian Hume, 1875
Range: Found in southern Myanmar, southern Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia
Pericrocotus speciosus fohkiensis, Sergei Aleksandrovich Buturlin, 1910
Range: Found in southeastern China
Pericrocotus speciosus fraterculus, Robert Swinhoe, 1870
Range: Found in the northeast of India and extends into Myanmar, Yunnan and Hainan
Pericrocotus speciosus gonzalesi, Sidney Dillon Ripley & Dioscoro Siarot Rabor, 1961
Range: N & E Mindanao
Pericrocotus speciosus insulanus, Herbert Girton Deignan, 1946
Pericrocotus speciosus johnstoniae, William Robert Ogilvie-Grant, 1905
Range: Mt. Apo in southeastern Mindanao
Pericrocotus speciosus leytensis, Joseph Beal Steere, 1890
Range: Samar, Leyte and Bohol
Pericrocotus speciosus marchesae, Francis Henry Hill Guillemard, 1885
Range: Sulu Archipelago
Pericrocotus speciosus minythomelas, Harry Church Oberholser, 1912
Range: An insular form described from Simeulue Island off Sumatra.
Pericrocotus speciosus modiglianii, Tommaso Salvadori, 1892
Range: Enggano Island
Pericrocotus speciosus nigroluteus, Kenneth Carroll Parkes, 1981
Range: South central Mindanao
Pericrocotus speciosus novus, Ernest Alexander McGregor, 1904
Range: Luzon and Negros
Pericrocotus speciosus semiruber, Hugh Whistler & Norman Boyd Kinnear, 1933
Range: Found in southern Myanmar and Thailand
Pericrocotus speciosus siebersi, Bernhard Rensch, 1928
Range: Java and Bali
Pericrocotus speciosus speciosus, John Aubrey Clarendon Latham, 1790
Pericrocotus speciosus xanthogaster, Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1822
Range: Found in the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Doi Phu Kha National Park
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Mae Wong National Park
- Nam Nao National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Taksin Maharat National Park
- Thap Lan National Park
Range map of Pericrocotus speciosus in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits and Parinya Pawangkhanant for their help with many range data.
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