Species of Thailand
Tickell's blue flycatcher
Binomial name: Cyornis tickelliae, Edward Blyth, 1843
Tickell's blue flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae) is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family. This is an insectivorous species which breeds in tropical Asia, from the Indian Subcontinent eastwards to Southeast Asia. Its range stretches across all the countries from India to Indonesia. They are blue on the upperparts and the throat and breast are rufous. They are found in dense scrub to forest habitats.
The name commemorates the British ornithologist Samuel Tickell who collected in India and Burma.
Tickell's blue flycatcher is about 11–12 cm long. It sits upright and forages mainly in the overgrowth. The male's upper parts are bright blue, its throat and breast are red, and the rest of the underparts are white. The female is duller blue with a brighter blue brow, shoulder, rump, and tail. It hybridizes with the pale-chinned blue flycatcher (Cyornis poliogenys) in the Eastern Ghats of India and these hybrids have sometimes been called the subspecies vernayi. The juvenile is streaked and has a spotted mantle, scaly brown upperparts, head and breast, with just the wings and tail being blue.
They have sometimes been known to feed even after dusk. Apart from flying insects they have been noted to occasionally glean crawling insects.
The widespread species shows regional variations in plumage and size and several of these populations have been designated with subspecies names. The nominate form is found in India, Nepal and Myanmar. The Sri Lankan population is separated as jerdoni (or nesea/mesaea said to be darker) and the population in Thailand and southern Myanmar is named as indochina. Further south is the form sumatrensis (Sumatra Island, Malaysia) and lamprus on Anamba Island.
In the past this species has been considered as a subspecies of the blue-throated blue flycatcher (Cyornis rubeculoides) which resembles this but has a blue throat.
Habitat and distribution
Tickell's blue flycatcher breeds in dry forest, scrub, bamboo and gardens.
Behaviour and ecology
The metallic song of the bird includes a series of clicks followed by five or six notes that end abruptly. The metallic song consists of short clicks followed by five or six notes resembling that of the white-browed fantail-flycatcher. Alarm calls include churr and clicking notes. It is a wary bird and not always easily observed. It is a forest-loving species which is found in thick cover and shade, and particularly haunts the banks of wooded streams.
They feed mainly by capturing insects in flight but their prey include other insects such as termites and earwigs that may be gleaned or picked from the ground.
The breeding season is April to August (March to June in Sri Lanka). It nests in a hole in a tree or amongst rocks that is lined with fine grass and fibres and lay 3–5 eggs.
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- Cyornis tickelliae
- Muscicapa tickelliae
- Cyornis tickelli
- Muscicapula tickelliae
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Bang Lamung District, Chonburi
- Bang Pa In District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
- Bangkok Province
- Bueng Khong Long Non-hunting Area
- Chae Hom District, Lampang
- Chae Son National Park
- Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Chiang Khong District, Chiang Rai
- Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai
- Doi Chong National Park
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Doi Phu Kha National Park
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Erawan National Park
- Hang Chat District, Lampang
- Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kaeng Som Maew Queen Sirikit Forest Park
- Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Khitchakut National Park
- Khao Laem National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Nam Khang National Park
- Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khun Tan District, Chiang Rai
- Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mae Moei National Park
- Mae Ping National Park
- Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mu Ko Chang National Park
- Muak Lek District, Saraburi
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai
- Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi
- Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Mueang Lampang District, Lampang
- Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok
- Mueang Pattani District, Pattani
- Mueang Phatthalung District, Phatthalung
- Mueang Tak District, Tak
- Nam Nao National Park
- Nam Phong National Park
- Namtok Sam Lan National Park
- Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area
- Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi
- Ob Khan National Park
- Pa Sang District, Lamphun
- Pachee River Wildlife Sanctuary
- Pang Sida National Park
- Pha Nam Yoi Forest Park
- Phan District, Chiang Rai
- Phato District, Chumphon
- Phatthana Nikhom District, Lopburi
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Kradueng National Park
- Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Phu Toei National Park
- Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
- Sai Yok National Park
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary
- San Kala Khiri National Park
- Sanam Chai Khet District, Chachoengsao
- Sangkhom District, Nong Khai
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
- Tat Mok National Park
- Tat Ton National Park
- Tha Sala District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
- Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
- Thale Ban National Park
- Tham Chao Ram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Tham Pratun Non-hunting Area
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Wang Saphung District, Loei
- Wiang Lo Wildlife Sanctuary
- Yan Ta Khao District, Trang
Range map of Cyornis tickelliae in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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