Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Great barbet

In Thai: นกตั้งล้อ

Binomial name: Psilopogon virens, Pieter Boddaert, 1783

The great barbet (Megalaima virens) is an Asian barbet. Barbets are a group of near passerine birds with a worldwide tropical distribution. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills.

The great barbet is a resident breeder in the lower-to-middle altitudes of the Himalayas, ranging across northern India, Nepal and Bhutan, and some parts of Southeast Asia as far away as Laos. It is a species of broadleaf evergreen woodlands at 600-2, 565 m altitude. It nests in a tree hole.

This is the largest barbet at 31 – 33 cm in length and a weight of 192 - 295 g. It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail.

The adult has a blue head, large yellow bill, brown back and breast, green-streaked yellow belly and red vent. The rest of the plumage is green. Both sexes and immature birds are similar.

The male's territorial call is a very loud kay-oh. The alarm is a harsh keeab, and another call is a repetitive piou-piou-piou-piou.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Piciformes
Family
Megalaimidae
Genus
Psilopogon
Species
Psilopogon virens

Common names

  • Thai: นกตั้งล้อ

Synonyms

  • Megalaima virens

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Great barbet, Psilopogon virens in Thailand
Range map of Psilopogon virens in Thailand