Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Blue-eared barbet

Thai: นกโพระดกหน้าผากดำ, nok phoradok naphak dam

Binomial name: Psilopogon duvaucelii, René-Primevère Lesson, 1830

The blue-eared barbet (Megalaima australis) is an Asian barbet. Barbets are a group of near passerine birds with a world-wide tropical distribution. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills.

Description

This small barbet is 17–18 cm in length. It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail. The bill is dark, and the body plumage is green, but the subspecies have different head patterns. The adult male of the form, M. a. cyanotis, which occurs from northeast India to peninsular Thailand has a black forehead, blue midcrown, ear coverts and throat, red markings above and below the earcoverts, and orange cheeks. The female has a duller head pattern with a more orange tint to the patches above and below the ear coverts, and the juvenile has a green head with some blue on the ear coverts and throat.

The male’s territorial call is a repeated loud ko-tek. Other calls include a whistled pleow.

Distribution and habitat

The blue-eared barbet is a resident breeder in the hills from northeast India east through Southeast Asia to Singapore, Indonesia and Borneo. It is a species of broadleaf evergreen forest, mixed woodland and second growth up to 1525 m altitude. It nests in a tree hole.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Piciformes
Family
Megalaimidae
Genus
Psilopogon
Species
Psilopogon duvaucelii

Common names

  • Thai: นกโพระดกหน้าผากดำ, nok phoradok naphak dam

Subspecies

  • Megalaima australis australis (nominate), Thomas Horsfield, 1821

    Range: Java

  • Megalaima australis cyanea

    Range: Mt. Kinabalu, north Borneo

  • Megalaima australis cyanotis, Edward Blyth, 1847

  • Megalaima australis duvaucelii, René-Primevère Lesson, 1830

    Range: Malaysia, Sumatra, and the lowlands of Borneo

  • Megalaima australis gigantorhina, Harry Church Oberholser, 1912

    Range: Nias Islands, west Sumatra

  • Megalaima australis hebereri

    Range: Bali

  • Megalaima australis invisa

    Range: Northern Thailand

  • Megalaima australis orientalis, Herbert Christopher Robinson, 1915

    Range: Southeast Thailand and Indo-China

  • Megalaima australis stuarti, Herbert Christopher Robinson & Cecil Boden Kloss, 1919

    Range: Western and central Thailand

  • Megalaima australis tanamassa, Rodolphe Meyer de Schauensee, 1929

    Range: Batu Islands, west Sumatra

Synonyms

  • Megalaima duvaucelii
  • Psilopogon cyanotis

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Blue-eared barbet, Psilopogon duvaucelii in Thailand

Range map of Psilopogon duvaucelii in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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