Species of Thailand
Psilopogon oorti, Salomon Müller, 1836
(In Thai: นกโพระดกคิ้วดำ)
The black-browed barbet (Psilopogon oorti) is an Asian barbet native to Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra, where it inhabits foremost forests between 600 and 2000 m altitude. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List because of its wide distribution and stable population.
Bucco oortii was the scientific name proposed by Salomon Müller in 1835 who described a barbet specimen collected in Sumatra.
It was placed in the genus Megalaima proposed by George Robert Gray in 1842 who suggested to use this name instead of Bucco.
Molecular phylogenetic research of Asian barbets revealed that Megalaima species form a clade, which also includes the fire-tufted barbet, the only species placed in the genus Psilopogon at the time. Barbets formerly placed in this genus were therefore reclassified in the genus Psilopogon.
The black-browed barbet is mostly green with a yellow blue-bordered throat. It has black streaks above the eyes and red patches above its bill, lores, throat and nape. One female measured was 21.5 cm long and weighed 62 g.
Distribution and habitat
The black-browed barbet inhabits montane and dipterocarp forests between 600 and 2000 m in western Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia.
Behaviour and ecology
The black-browed barbet forages on insects and fruits in the upper and middle levels of the canopy. In Sumatra, it breeds from February to November, and in Malaysia from March to June. It nests in tree holes.
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Category / Seasonal Status
BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years
BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident
- Psilopogon oorti
- Thai: นกโพระดกคิ้วดำ
- Megalaima oorti
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
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