Thai National Parks

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Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Yellow-headed temple turtle

Thai: เต่าบึงหัวเหลือง, dtao beung hua leuang

Binomial name: Heosemys annandalii, George Albert Boulenger, 1903

The yellow-headed temple turtle (Heosemys annandalii) is a large turtle native to Southeast Asia. Its name is derived from the fact that it is often found near Buddhist temples within its range.

These turtles are aquatic and grow to over 20 in (51 cm) in size. They have been reported to live in captivity for up to 35 years. They are generally herbivorous.

CITES suspended trade of yellow-headed temple turtles in July 2012

Geographic range

They are found in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Malaysia, and possibly Myanmar.

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Scientific classification

Heosemys annandalii

Common names

  • German: Tempelschildkröte
  • English: Yellow-headed temple turtle
  • Thai: เต่าบึงหัวเหลือง, dtao beung hua leuang


  • Hieremys annandali, Markus Auer (2011)
  • Heosemys annandalii, Arvin Cantor Diesmos, J.F. Parham, Bryan L. Stuart & Rafe M. Brown (2005)
  • Hieremys annandalii, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Hieremys annandalii, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Hieremys annandali, Robert Mertens & Lorenz Müller & Rust (1934)
  • Cyclemys annandalei, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1930)
  • Hieremys annandalii, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1930)
  • Cyclemys annandali, R. Mell (1929)
  • Hieremys annandalei, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1916)
  • Cyclemys annandalii, George Albert Boulenger (1903)

Conservation status

Endangered (IUCN2.3)

Endangered (IUCN2.3)

Heosemys annandalii

Heosemys annandalii


Distribution map of Yellow-headed temple turtle, Heosemys annandalii in Thailand
  • Khai Bang Rachan District, Sing Buri
  • Kham Thale So District, Nakhon Ratchasima
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Tha Mai District, Chanthaburi

Range map of Heosemys annandalii in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

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