Species of Thailand
Vernal hanging parrot
Thai: นกหกเล็กปากแดง, nok hok lek paak daeng
Binomial name: Loriculus vernalis, Anders Sparrman, 1787
The Vernal Hanging Parrot (Loriculus vernalis) is a small parrot which is a resident breeder from India, Nepal and some other areas of Southeast Asia. In Sri Lanka, it is replaced by the very similar endemic Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot, (L. beryllinus). It undergoes local movements, driven mainly by the availability of the fruit, seeds, buds and blossoms that make up its diet. They frequent the Banyan tree for the fruit and Plantain trees for the nectar from the flowers.
Vernal Hanging Parrot is a bird of dry jungle and cultivation. It nests in holes in trees, laying 2-4 white eggs.
This is a small, mainly green hanging parrot, only 14 cm long with a short tail. The adult male has a red rump and bill, and blue throat patch. The female has a green patch.
Immature birds have a duller rump, and lack the throat patch.
Vernal Hanging Parrot is less gregarious than some of its relatives, and is usually in small groups outside the breeding season. Its flight is swift and direct, and the call is a raucous chattering.
Vernal Hanging Parrots nest in tree cavities. The nests are lined with fragments of leaves. There are usually three eggs in a clutch. The eggs are white in color. The female incubates the eggs for 20 days and the chicks leave the nest about 33 days from hatching.
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- Loriculus vernalis
- Thai: นกหกเล็กปากแดง, nok hok lek paak daeng
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ao Phang-Nga National Park
- Ban Bueng District, Chonburi
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Erawan National Park
- Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kaeng Krung National Park
- Khanom District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
- Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Chamao - Khao Wong National Park
- Khao Chong
- Khao Khitchakut National Park
- Khao Laem National Park
- Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Nan National Park
- Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khlong Phanom National Park
- Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
- Khun Chae National Park
- Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
- Ko Tao
- Kromluang Chumphon Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mae Moei National Park
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mu Ko Chang National Park
- Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok
- Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga
- Mueang Phuket District, Phuket
- Nam Nao National Park
- Namtok Phlio National Park
- Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi
- Pachee River Wildlife Sanctuary
- Pai District, Mae Hong Son
- Pang Sida National Park
- Pha Nam Yoi Forest Park
- Phato District, Chumphon
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Phu Wiang National Park
- Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary
- Sirinat National Park
- Sri Nakarin Dam National Park
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Ta Phraya National Park
- Tai Rom Yen National Park
- Taksin Maharat National Park
- Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
- Tat Mok National Park
- Tha Chana District, Surat Thani
- Thai Mueang District, Phang Nga
- Thalang District, Phuket
- Thale Ban National Park
- Tham Sakoen National Park
- Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani
- Thap Lan National Park
- Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Ton Pariwat Wildlife Sanctuary
- Watthana Nakhon District, Sa Kaeo
Range map of Loriculus vernalis in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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