Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Vernal hanging parrot

Thai: นกหกเล็กปากแดง, nok hok lek paak daeng

Binomial name: Loriculus vernalis, Anders Sparrman, 1787

The Vernal Hanging Parrot (Loriculus vernalis) is a small parrot which is a resident breeder from India, Nepal and some other areas of Southeast Asia. In Sri Lanka, it is replaced by the very similar endemic Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot, (L. beryllinus). It undergoes local movements, driven mainly by the availability of the fruit, seeds, buds and blossoms that make up its diet. They frequent the Banyan tree for the fruit and Plantain trees for the nectar from the flowers.

Vernal Hanging Parrot is a bird of dry jungle and cultivation. It nests in holes in trees, laying 2-4 white eggs.

This is a small, mainly green hanging parrot, only 14 cm long with a short tail. The adult male has a red rump and bill, and blue throat patch. The female has a green patch.

Immature birds have a duller rump, and lack the throat patch.

Vernal Hanging Parrot is less gregarious than some of its relatives, and is usually in small groups outside the breeding season. Its flight is swift and direct, and the call is a raucous chattering.

Breeding

Vernal Hanging Parrots nest in tree cavities. The nests are lined with fragments of leaves. There are usually three eggs in a clutch. The eggs are white in color. The female incubates the eggs for 20 days and the chicks leave the nest about 33 days from hatching.

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Videos of Vernal hanging parrot

  • Vernal hanging parrot - Kaeng Krachan National Park

    Vernal hanging parrot - Kaeng Krachan National Park

  • Vernal hanging parrot (male)

    Vernal hanging parrot (male)

  • Vernal hanging parrot

    Vernal hanging parrot

  • Vernal hanging parrot

    Vernal hanging parrot

  • Vernal hanging parrot

    Vernal hanging parrot

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Psittaciformes
Family
Psittaculidae
Genus
Loriculus
Species
Loriculus vernalis

Common names

  • Thai: นกหกเล็กปากแดง, nok hok lek paak daeng

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Vernal hanging parrot, Loriculus vernalis in Thailand

Range map of Loriculus vernalis in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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