Species of Thailand

Blue-crowned hanging parrot

Loriculus galgulus, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758

(In Thai: นกหกเล็กปากดำ)

The blue-crowned hanging parrot (Loriculus galgulus) is a small (length: 13 cm) mainly green parrot found in forested lowlands in southern Burma and Thailand, Malaya, Singapore, and Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo).

Description

Blue-crowned hanging parrots are mostly green and the adults have black beaks. Adult males have a blue crown, red throat, red rump, and a yellow lower back. Adult females are duller than males and lack the yellow lower back, usually lack the red throat, and the blue crown is much less noticeable. The juvenile is duller than the female, and has a grey forehead and horn-coloured beak.

Breeding

Blue-crowned hanging parrots nest in tree cavities. There are usually three eggs in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for 20 days and the chicks leave the nest about 33 days from hatching.

Feeding

Its diet usually includes flowers, buds, fruits, nuts, and seeds. They eat Southeast Asian fruit such as papaya and rambutan in the wild.

Call

It has a variety of different calls, such as the one often uttered in flight. The Blue Crowned Hanging Parrot is also excellent at imitating noises. They can produce very loud and shrill sounds.

Other

It is the only species of bird that sleeps inverted. As its plummage is mostly green in colour, it also reduces the risk of predators detecting them.

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Psittaciformes
Family
Psittacidae
Genus
Loriculus
Species
Loriculus galgulus

Common names

  • Thai: นกหกเล็กปากดำ

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (ONEP)

Photos

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Blue-crowned hanging parrot (male)
Blue-crowned hanging parrot

Range Map

Distribution map of Blue-crowned hanging parrot, Loriculus galgulus in Thailand
  • Bang Lang National Park
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Luang National Park
  • Khao Nam Khang National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • San Kala Khiri National Park
  • Thale Ban National Park
  • Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Loriculus galgulus in Thailand