Species of Thailand

Thick-billed green pigeon

Treron curvirostra, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1789

(In Thai: นกเขาเปล้าธรรมดา)

The thick-billed green pigeon (Treron curvirostra) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae.

Description

Rather small-sized pigeon being under 26 cm as compared to other green pigeons. A thick pale greenish bill with red base, broad bluish-Green eye ring, grey crown and maroon mantle diagnostic. Wings have black primary and secondaries with yellow outer edge. Underside green in both sexes. Thighs dark green with whitish scales. Female has greenish undertail coverts with whitish scales. Males have maroon dorsum and dull chestnut undertail coverts.

Distribution

It ranges across the eastern regions of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, stretching from the Eastern Himalayas to Borneo and Sumatra.

Found across Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Tibet and Vietnam.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

Sub-species

There are nine recognized sub-species of Treron curvirostra, which are as follows:

• T. c. curvirostra (Gmelin, 1789)- resident in Malay Penninsula and Sumatra, Indonesia.

• T. c. erimacrus (Oberholser, 1924)- resident in Balabac, Palawan and Mindoro (Philippines).

• T. c. hainanus (Hartert & Goodson, 1918)- resident in Hainan Island (Southeastern China).

• T. c. haliplous (Oberholser, 1912)- resident in Simeulue Island (Northwestern Sumatra, Indonesia).

• T. c. hypothapsinus (Oberholser, 1912)- resident in Enggano Island (off Southwestern Sumatra, Indonesia).

• T. c. nasica (Schlegel, 1863)- resident in Borneo (Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia).

• T. c. nipalensis (Hodgson, 1836)- resident in Central Nepal, Northeastern India to Southern Indichina, through Bangladesh and Myanmar.

• T. c. pegus (Oberholser, 1912)- resident in Nias Island (off Western Sumatra, Indonesia).

• T. c. smicrus (Oberholser, 1912)- resident in Sipora, Siberut and Batu Islands. (off Western Sumatra, Indonesia)

Ecology

Known to feed on syconia of Figs.

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Columbiformes
Family
Columbidae
Genus
Treron
Species
Treron curvirostra

Common names

  • English: Thick-billed green pigeon
  • Thai: นกเขาเปล้าธรรมดา

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

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Thick-billed green pigeon
Treron curvirostra (male)
Treron curvirostra

Range Map

Distribution map of Thick-billed green pigeon, Treron curvirostra in Thailand
  • Ban Bueng District, Chonburi
  • Bang Lang National Park
  • Bang Pa In District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
  • Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area
  • Bang Pu Recreation Centre
  • Bangkok Province
  • Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park
  • Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai
  • Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Lang
  • Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
  • Doi Phu Kha National Park
  • Doi Suthep - Pui National Park
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Huai Nam Dang National Park
  • Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Chamao - Khao Wong National Park
  • Khao Dinsor (Chumphon Raptor Center)
  • Khao Khiao - Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Khitchakut National Park
  • Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park
  • Khao Luang National Park
  • Khao Nam Khang National Park
  • Khao Nan National Park
  • Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
  • Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
  • Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khlong Lan National Park
  • Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
  • Khura Buri District, Phang Nga
  • Ko Chang National Park
  • Ko Phra Thong
  • Kui Buri National Park
  • Laem Pak Bia
  • Mae Ping National Park
  • Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
  • Mae Wong National Park
  • Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
  • Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai
  • Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok
  • Mueang Nonthaburi District, Nonthaburi
  • Mueang Phuket District, Phuket
  • Mueang Samut Sakhon District, Samut Sakhon
  • Mueang Surat Thani District, Surat Thani
  • Mueang Tak District, Tak
  • Nam Nao National Park
  • Non Din Daeng District, Buriram
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Pathio District, Chumphon
  • Pha Daeng National Park
  • Pha Nam Yoi Forest Park
  • Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
  • Phu Chong Na Yoi National Park
  • Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Phu Kradueng National Park
  • Phu Langka National Park
  • Phu Suan Sai National Park
  • Phu Wiang National Park
  • Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom
  • Ratchasan District, Chachoengsao
  • Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
  • Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
  • Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Samut Prakan Province
  • San Kala Khiri National Park
  • Si Racha District, Chonburi
  • Similan Islands
  • Sirinat National Park
  • Sri Phang-nga National Park
  • Surin Islands
  • Tai Rom Yen National Park
  • Taksin Maharat National Park
  • Tarutao National Marine Park
  • Thalang District, Phuket
  • Thale Ban National Park
  • Thap Lan National Park
  • Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi
  • Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
  • Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Wang Mai Forest Restoration Project
  • Wat Phai Lom & Wat Ampu Wararam Non-Hunting Area
  • Wiang Lo Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Yan Ta Khao District, Trang
Range map of Treron curvirostra in Thailand