Thai National Parks

Snakes of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Common collared snake

In Thai: งูคอขวั้นดำ, ngu khor khuan damm

Binomial name: Sibynophis collaris, John Edward Gray, 1853

Sibynophis collaris, commonly known as the common many-toothed snake or the collared black-headed snake, is a species of colubrid snake endemic to South Asia.

Description

Rostral scale twice as broad as deep, just visible from above; suture between the internasals shorter than that between the prefrontals; frontal longer than its distance from the end of the snout, as long as the parietals or shorter; loreal as long as or a little longer than deep; one preocular; two postoculars, only the upper in contact with the parietal; temporals 1 (or 2) + 2; 9 or 10 upper labials, fourth, fifth, and sixth entering the eye; 4 lower labials in contact with the anterior chin shields, which are as long as the posterior chin shields. Dorsal scales smooth, without apical pits, in 17 rows. Ventrals 159-190; anal divided; subcaudals divided, 102-131.

Brown above, vertebral region greyish, usually with a series of small round black spots; head with small black spots or vermiculations above, and two black crossbands, one across the posterior part of the frontal and supraoculars, the other across the occiput; a large black nuchal spot or crossband, bordered with yellow posteriorly; a black line from the nostril to the nuchal spot, passing through the eye, bordering the white black-dotted upper lip. Lower parts yellowish, each ventral with an outer black spot or streak, which may be confluent on the posterior part of the body; anterior ventrals with a pair of median dots in addition.

Total length 29 inches (737 mm); tail 9.5 inches (241 mm).

Distribution

Sub-Himalayan India (Assam, Simla), Mizoram, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, West Malaysia, China (SE Tibet and Yunnan), Taiwan and island of Jeju in South Korea (Type locality:Khasi Hills, India)

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Colubridae
Genus
Sibynophis
Species
Sibynophis collaris

Common names

  • German: Halsbinden-Vielzahnnatter
  • English:
    • Common blackhead
    • Common many-tooth snake
    • Collared blackhead
  • Thai: งูคอขวั้นดำ, ngu khor khuan damm

Synonyms

  • Sibynophis collaris, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Sibynophis collaris, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Sibynophis collaris, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Sibynophis collaris, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Sibynophis collaris, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Sibynophis collaris, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1930)
  • Polyodontophis collaris, Frank Wall (1908)
  • Polyodontophis collaris, George Albert Boulenger (1893)
  • Coluber colubrinus, Edward Blyth (fide Philip Lutley Sclater) (1891)
  • Polyodontophis collaris, George Albert Boulenger (1890)
  • Ablabes collaris, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1871)
  • Ablabes collaris, Albert Charles Lewis Günther (1858)
  • Psammophis collaris, John Edward Gray (1853)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of Common collared snake, Sibynophis collaris in Thailand
Range map of Sibynophis collaris in Thailand