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Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Rusty-naped pitta

Thai: นกแต้วแล้วใหญ่หัวสีน้ำตาล, nok taewlaew yai hua see namtaan

Binomial name: Pitta oatesi, Allan Octavian Hume, 1873

The rusty-naped pitta (Hydrornis oatesi) is a species of bird in the family Pittidae.


The male has a deep brown head and underparts with dull green wings. It has a well defined black stripe behind the eyes. The female is duller than the male, with brownish tingeing on the wings and vague dark scaling on the lower throat.


The species was originally described by amateur ornithologist Allan Octavian Hume in 1790. Four subspecies are currently recognised. H. o. oatesi is found from Myanmar to north-eastern Laos and south-eastern Thailand. H. o. castaneiceps is found from southern China to central Laos and north-western Vietnam. H. o. bolovenensis is found in southern Laos and Vietnam. H. o. deborah is found in central Peninsular Malaysia.

Distribution and Habitat

The rusty-naped pitta is found in China, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical, tropical moist montane forests and bamboo forests. It is typically found from above 800m.

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Scientific classification

Pitta oatesi

Common names

  • Thai: นกแต้วแล้วใหญ่หัวสีน้ำตาล, nok taewlaew yai hua see namtaan


  • Pitta oatesi bolovenensis, Jean Théodore Delacour, 1932

    Range: South Laos and South Annam

  • Pitta oatesi castaneiceps, Jean Théodore Delacour & Pierre Jabouille, 1930

    Range: South China (South Yunnan) to South Laos and N/W Vietnam

  • Pitta oatesi deborah, Ben F. King, 1978

  • Pitta oatesi oatesi, Allan Octavian Hume, 1873

    Range: Myanmar, Laos and Thailand


  • Hydrornis oatesi, Allan Octavian Hume (1873)
  • Pitta oatesi

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Rusty-naped pitta - female

Rusty-naped pitta - female


Range map of Pitta oatesi in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

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