Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Giant pitta

Thai: นกแต้วแล้วยักษ์, nok taewlaew yak

Binomial name: Pitta caerulea, Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1822

The giant pitta (Hydrornis caeruleus) is a species of bird in the Pittidae family.

Distribution and habitat

The giant pitta is native to Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand. It inhabits primary and tall secondary forests at elevations of up to 1, 200 m. It appears to prefer densely vegetated, swampy areas, but has infrequently been reported from drier and secondary vegetation.


The species is classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN. Total population size is unknown, but it is believed to be scarce to rare, and thought to be under pressure from rapid forest loss in its native habitat.

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Scientific classification

Pitta caerulea

Common names

  • Thai: นกแต้วแล้วยักษ์, nok taewlaew yak


  • Pitta caerulea caerulea, Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1822

    Range: South Myanmar, South Thailand, Malay Peninsula and Sumatra

  • Pitta caerulea hosei, Edward Charles Stuart Baker, 1918

    Range: Borneo


  • Hydrornis caeruleus, Thomas Stamford Raffles (1822)
  • Pitta caerulea

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Range map of Pitta caerulea in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

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