Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Oldham's leaf turtle

Cyclemys oldhamii

John Edward Gray, 1863

In Thai: เต่าห้วยท้องดำ, dtao huai thong damm

Oldham's leaf turtle (Cyclemys oldhamii) is a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae.


Both the specific name, oldhamii, and the common name, Oldham's leaf turtle, are in honor of English plant collector Richard Oldham (1837-1864).

Geographic range

C. oldhamii is found in Bangladesh, in the terai of mizoram, in Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, W Borneo, Sumatra and Java. In addition, Cyclemys oldhami shanensis - sometimes considered a distinct species due to its shell pattern, oft described as looking similar to aged meat - occurs from central Myanmar to Thailand and Cambodia. The type locality was originally given as "Mergui and Siam", and restricted to Mergui by Smith (1931).


A case of hybridization between a male Cyclemys (oldhamii) shanensis and a female Chinese stripe-necked turtle has been described.

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Scientific classification

Cyclemys oldhamii

Common names

  • German:
    • Oldhams Dornrandschildkröte
    • Indochinesische Dornschildkröte
  • English:
    • Oldham’s leaf turtle
    • Dark-throated leaf turtle
    • Stripeneck leaf turtle
  • Thai:
    • เต่าห้วยท้องดำ, dtao huai thong damm
    • เต่าใบไม้พม่า, dtao bai mai Phamaa


  • Cyclemys cf. oldhami, Daniel Jastrzębski et al. (2013)
  • Cyclemys oldhami, Uwe Fritz et al. (2009)
  • Cyclemys oldhami tcheponensis, Uwe Fritz et al. (2009)
  • Cyclemys shanensis tcheponensis, Emil Hans Willi Hennig (2004)
  • Cyclemys shanensis, Maik Schilde (2004)
  • Cyclemys oldhami, Edgar Lehr & Rohan Holloway (2003)
  • Cyclemys shanensis, Daniela Guicking et al. (2002)
  • Cyclemys tcheponensis, Thomas Ziegler (2002)
  • Geoemyda tcheponensis, Uwe Fritz et al. (1999)
  • Cyclemys tiannamensis, Indraneil Das (1991)

Conservation status

Not Evaluated (IUCN2.3)

Not Evaluated (IUCN2.3)


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Cyclemys oldhamii
Cyclemys oldhamii
Cyclemys oldhamii (dorsal)
Cyclemys oldhamii (ventral)
Cyclemys oldhamii
Cyclemys oldhamii (dorsal)
Cyclemys oldhamii (ventral)

Range Map

Distribution map of Oldham's leaf turtle, Cyclemys oldhamii in Thailand
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Kho District, Phetchabun
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Kui Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
  • Kui Buri National Park
  • Mae Wong National Park
  • Nam Nao National Park
  • Ngao Waterfall National Park
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
  • Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Cyclemys oldhamii in Thailand