Thai National Parks

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Mammals of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Northern pig-tailed macaque

Binomial name: Macaca leonina, Edward Blyth, 1863

The northern pig-tailed macaque (Macaca leonina) is a species of primate in the Cercopithecidae family. It is found in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Traditionally, it has been considered a subspecies of M. nemestrina. In India, it is found in south of the Brahmaputra River, in the northeastern part of the country. Its range in India extends from Assam and Meghalaya to eastern Aruanchal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura. A detailed report on the ecology and behaviour of northern pig-tailed macaque has been published recently.

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Scientific classification

Macaca leonina

Common names

  • English:
    • Northern pig-tailed macaque
    • Northern pigtail macaque


  • Macaca blythii, Reginald Innes Pocock (1931)
  • Macaca indochinensis, Cecil Boden Kloss (1919)
  • Macaca adusta, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1906)
  • Macaca insulana, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1906)
  • Macaca coininus, Cecil Boden Kloss (1903)
  • Macaca andamanensis, Edward Bartlett (1869)

Conservation status

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Northern pig-tailed macaque - Khao Yai

Northern pig-tailed macaque - Khao Yai

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Northern pig-tailed macaque distribution

Northern pig-tailed macaque distribution

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Range map of Macaca leonina in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

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