Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Maroon oriole

Thai: นกขมิ้นแดง, nok khamin daeng

Binomial name: Oriolus traillii, Nicholas Aylward Vigors, 1832

The Maroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii) is a species of bird in the Oriolidae family, ranging across the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, and Vietnam.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.


It has a maroon and black plumage with black head, neck and wings with a blueish beak.The females have slightly darker bodies and the juveniles have lighter bodies. Colouration varies somewhat across the range, with those in the Indian Subcontinent having duller colours and those in Southeast Asia having brighter colours, also tending to somewhat reddish tones.

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Scientific classification

Oriolus traillii

Common names

  • Thai: นกขมิ้นแดง, nok khamin daeng

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Maroon oriole, Oriolus traillii in Thailand

Range map of Oriolus traillii in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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