Species of Thailand
Oriolus xanthonotus, Thomas Horsfield, 1821
(In Thai: นกขมิ้นหัวดำเล็ก)
The dark-throated oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus) is a species of bird in the family Oriolidae.
It is found in Southeast Asia through Borneo and the Philippines. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests where it is threatened by habitat loss.
Taxonomy and systematics
The dark-throated oriole is sometimes considered to form a superspecies with the Philippine oriole and the Isabela oriole. Alternate names for the dark-throated oriole include the black-headed oriole, black-throated oriole and Malaysian oriole. The alternate name 'black-headed oriole' should not be confused with the species of the same name, Oriolus larvatus.
Four subspecies are recognized:
- O. x. xanthonotus - Horsfield, 1821: Found on the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and south-western Borneo
- Mentawai dark-throated oriole (O. x. mentawi) - Chasen & Kloss, 1926: Found on the Mentawai Islands archipelago off the west coast of Sumatra, in Indonesia.
- O. x. consobrinus - Ramsay, RGW, 1880: Originally described as a separate species. Found on Borneo and offlying islets
- O. x. persuasus - Bangs, 1922: Found in south-western Philippines
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Category / Seasonal Status
BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years
BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident
- Oriolus xanthonotus
- Thai: นกขมิ้นหัวดำเล็ก
Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)
Near Threatened (BirdLife)
Near Threatened (ONEP)
Near Threatened (BCST)