Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Dark-throated oriole

Oriolus xanthonotus

Thomas Horsfield, 1821

In Thai: นกขมิ้นหัวดำเล็ก

The dark-throated oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus) is a species of bird in the family Oriolidae.

It is found in Southeast Asia through Borneo and the Philippines. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests where it is threatened by habitat loss.

Taxonomy and systematics

The dark-throated oriole is sometimes considered to form a superspecies with the Philippine oriole and the Isabela oriole. Alternate names for the dark-throated oriole include the black-headed oriole, black-throated oriole and Malaysian oriole. The alternate name 'black-headed oriole' should not be confused with the species of the same name, Oriolus larvatus.


Four subspecies are recognized:

  • O. x. xanthonotus - Horsfield, 1821: Found on the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and south-western Borneo
  • Mentawai dark-throated oriole (O. x. mentawi) - Chasen & Kloss, 1926: Found on the Mentawai Islands archipelago off the west coast of Sumatra, in Indonesia.
  • O. x. consobrinus - Ramsay, RGW, 1880: Originally described as a separate species. Found on Borneo and offlying islets
  • O. x. persuasus - Bangs, 1922: Found in south-western Philippines

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Oriolus xanthonotus

Common names

  • Thai: นกขมิ้นหัวดำเล็ก

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (BirdLife)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (ONEP)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (BCST)


No photo for this species yet

Range Map

Distribution map of Dark-throated oriole, Oriolus xanthonotus in Thailand
  • Bang Lang National Park
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Luang National Park
  • Khao Nam Khang National Park
  • Khao Nan National Park
  • Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • San Kala Khiri National Park
  • Sri Phang-nga National Park
  • Thale Ban National Park
  • Than Sadet - Koh Pha-Ngan National Park
Range map of Oriolus xanthonotus in Thailand