Species of Thailand
Thai: นกขมิ้นหัวดำใหญ่, nok khamin hua dam yai
Binomial name: Oriolus xanthornus, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758
The Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus) is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds and is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia.
It is a bird of open woodland and cultivation. The nest is built in a tree, and contains two eggs. The food is insects and fruit, especially figs, found in the tree canopies where the orioles spend much of their time.
The male is striking, with the typical oriole black and yellow coloration. The plumage is predominantly yellow, with a solid black hood, and black also in the wings and tail centre.
The female Black-hooded Oriole is a drabber bird with greenish underparts, but still has the black hood. Young birds are like the female, but have dark streaking on the underparts, and their hood is not solidly black, especially on the throat.
The black head of this species is an obvious distinction from Golden Oriole, Oriolus oriolus, which is a summer visitor to northern India. Orioles can be shy, and even the male may be difficult to see in the dappled yellow and green leaves of the canopy.
The Black-hooded Oriole's flight is somewhat like a thrush, strong and direct with some shallow dips over longer distances.
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- Oriolus xanthornus
- Thai: นกขมิ้นหัวดำใหญ่, nok khamin hua dam yai
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ao Phang-Nga National Park
- Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Doi Tao District, Chiang Mai
- Erawan National Park
- Hang Chat District, Lampang
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Laem National Park
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Sanam Prieng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi
- Khlong Wang Chao National Park
- Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
- Khun Phawo National Park
- Lan Sang National Park
- Mae Fa Luang District, Chiang Rai
- Mae Ping National Park
- Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga
- Mueang Tak District, Tak
- Nam Nao National Park
- Namtok Mae Surin National Park
- Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area
- Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi
- Ob Khan National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Ramkhamhaeng National Park
- Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
- Sai Yok National Park
- Salak Pra Wildlife Sanctuary
- Salawin National Park
- Si Satchanalai National Park
- Si Sawat District, Kanchanaburi
- Sri Nakarin Dam National Park
- Ta Phraya National Park
- Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
- Thap Lan National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Oriolus xanthornus in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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