Thai National Parks

Mammals of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Intermediate roundleaf bat

Binomial name: Hipposideros larvatus, Thomas Horsfield, 1823

The intermediate roundleaf bat (Hipposideros larvatus) is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae. It is found in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Geographical Location

The intermediate leaf-nosed bat is widespread in Asia with a geographical distribution that includes Bangladesh (Chittagong and Sylhet divisions), China, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia (Bali, Kalimantan, Sumatera), Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak), Mynamar, and India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya). In Mainland China, the species is found in South and Southwest China, including Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.


Hipposideros larvatus typically roosts in caves. But they also roost in abandoned mines, rock crevices, mines shafts, pagodas, buildings, and tropical moist forest. It is also found roosting in human habitations. Roosts may contain several hundred bats of both sexes. And H. larvatus often shares their roost with other bat species. This species is primarily found at altitudes from 182 to 860 meters, but in Yunnan this bat was found at 1480 meters.

Morphological description

There are several diagnostic features of the intermediate roundleaf bat and they are: the three lateral accessory leaflets on each side of the noseleaf, dark grey-brown or reddish brown fur color (dorsal fur is a uniform cinnamon brown, while the ventral fur is lighter grey), dark grey or brown ears and noseleaf, broad and triangular shaped ears, and that juveniles are darker than adults. The average forearm length is about 55.5-62.2mm. With an average body mass of 17.4 - 24.8g. Its ear length is around 17–22 mm.


The major diet for H. larvatus consist mainly of beetles. But it also eats moths, butterflies, flies, mosquitoes, termites, insects from the Hemiptera order, caddisfly, sawfly, ants, wasps, spiders, mites, and ticks.

Echolocation calls

This particular species of bats emit an average resting frequency (RF) of 85 kHz.

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Hipposideros larvatus

Common names

  • English:
    • Horsfield's leaf-nosed bat
    • Intermediate leaf-nosed bat
    • Intermediate roundleaf bat
    • Intermediat roundleaf bat


  • Phyllorhina leptophylla, George Edward Dobson (1874)
  • Rhinolophus larvatus, Thomas Horsfield (1823)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range map of Hipposideros larvatus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Biodiversity Survey & Species ID group on Facebook.