Thai National Parks

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Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Crested green lizard

Thai: กิ้งก่าเขียวหูดำ

Binomial name: Bronchocela cristatella, Heinrich Kuhl, 1820

Bronchocela cristatella, also known as the green crested lizard, is a species of agamid lizard endemic to Southeast Asia.

Geographic range

B. cristatella is found in Malaysia (West Malaysia and Borneo), Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines (Palawan, Calamian Islands, Panay, Luzon), South Thailand, south Myanmar (Tenasserim Hills), and India (Nicobar Islands).


This species is a bright green lizard, sometimes possessing a blue tint on the head. It is able to change colour, turning darker brown when threatened. There is a dark ring around each eye, and a dark spot at the back of the head. The males have a crest on the neck.

It has a very long and thin tail (75% of total length). The body length is of 13 cm, and the total length (body + tail) is of 57 cm.

From C.A.L. Günther (1864) The Reptiles of British India.

Scales of the sides small, there being about forty in one of the transverse scries; ventral scales much larger, in fourteen longitudinal rows. A short scries of three or four larger scales forms a continuation of the superciliary margin; no other large scale on the temple. Nuchal crest low, formed by triangular spines; it is not continued on the back, where the vertebral scales arc scarcely prominent. The fourth hind toe is one-eighth longer than the third. Uniform grass-green.

This species is very common in the Malayan countries and in numerous islands of the East Indian Archipelago—Sumatra, Java, Amboyna, Celebes, Borneo, Booroo, Philippines, &c. It moves and leaps with great quickness among the branches of trees. Cantor saw the colours of these lizards change suddenly to grey, brownish or blackish, sometimes with orange spots or with indistinct black network; large, isolated, round black spots appeared on the head or back or round the tympanum. It attains to a length of 20 inches, the tail measuring 16 inches.


B. cristatella is found in forests as well as parks and rural areas.

Conservation status

In Singapore the range of B. cristatella is declining, as it is in competition with the introduced species Calotes versicolor (changeable lizard).

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Scientific classification

Bronchocela cristatella

Common names

  • German:
    • Borneo-Langschwanzagame
    • Borneo-schönechse
    • Blutsaugeragame
  • English: Green crested lizard
  • Thai: กิ้งก่าเขียวหูดำ


  • Bronchocela cristatella, Mirko Barts & Thomas Wilms (2003)
  • Bronchocela cf. cristatella, Maren Gaulke (2001)
  • Bronchocela cristatella, Maren Gaulke (1999)
  • Bronchocela christatella, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Bronchocela cristatella, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Bronchocela cristatella, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Calotes cristatellus, Arthur Erwin Brown et al. (1996)
  • Calotes cristatellus, Kiew Bong Heang (1987)
  • Bronchocela petersdoriai, Wolfgang Böhme & Wolfgang Bischoff (1984)
  • Bronchocela cristatella, Ulrich Manthey (1983)
  • Calotes cristatellus, John Roscoe Hendrickson (1966)
  • Calotes cristatellus, Edward Harrison Taylor (1963)
  • Calotes cristatellus moluccanus, Léo Daniël Brongersma (1948)
  • Calotes cristatellus, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1935)
  • Calotes cristatellus, Nelly de Rooij (1915)
  • Calotes octospinosus, Franz Baumann (1913)
  • Calotes cristatellus, Stanley Smyth Flower (1899)
  • Calotes cristatellus, George Albert Boulenger (1885)
  • Bronchocela intermedia, Wilhelm Karl Hartwich Peters & Marquis Giacomo Doria (1878)
  • Bronchocela burmana, William Thomas Blanford (1878)
  • Calotes (Bronchocele) philippinus, Wilhelm Karl Hartwich Peters (1867)
  • Pseudocalotes archiducissae, Leopold Fitzinger (1860)
  • Bronchocela cristatella, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1837)
  • Agama moluccana, René-Primevère Lesson (1830)
  • Bronchocela cristatella, Johann Jakob Kaup (1827)
  • Agama cristatella, Heinrich Kuhl (1820)
  • Agama gutturosa, Blasius Merrem (1820)
Distribution map of Crested green lizard, Bronchocela cristatella in Thailand
  • Bang Lang National Park
  • Betong District, Yala
  • Budo - Su-ngai Padi National Park
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park
  • Thale Ban National Park

Range map of Bronchocela cristatella in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

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