Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Broad-billed sandpiper

Thai: นกชายเลนปากกว้าง, nok chai-len paak kwang

Binomial name: Limicola falcinellus, Erik Pontoppidan, 1763

The broad-billed sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus) is a small wading bird. It is the only member of the genus Limicola; some have proposed that it should be placed in the genus Erolia with the "stint" sandpipers, but more recent research suggests that it should rather go into the genus Philomachus with the ruff and possibly the sharp-tailed sandpiper; it certainly is a fairly unusual calidrid.

Description

Broad-billed sandpipers are small waders, slightly smaller than the dunlin, but with a longer straighter bill, and shorter legs. The breeding adult has patterned dark grey upperparts and white underparts with blackish markings on the breast. It has a pale crown stripe and supercilia.

In the boreal winter, they are pale grey above and white below, like a winter dunlin, but retaining the head pattern. Juveniles have backs, similar to young dunlin, but the white flanks and belly and brown-streaked breast are distinctive.

Distribution and habitat

The broad-billed sandpiper is strongly migratory, spending the non-breeding season from easternmost Africa, through south and south-east Asia to Australasia. It is highly gregarious, and will form flocks with other calidrid waders, particularly dunlins. Despite its European breeding range, this species is rare on passage in western Europe, presumably because of the south-easterly migration route.

This bird's breeding habitat is wet taiga bogs in Arctic northern Europe and Siberia. The male performs an aerial display during courtship. They nest in a ground scrape, laying 4 eggs.

They forage in soft mud on marshes and the coast, mainly picking up food by sight. They mostly eat insects and other small invertebrates.

The broad-billed sandpiper is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Videos of Broad-billed sandpiper

  • Broad-billed sandpiper - Penang, Malaysia

    Broad-billed sandpiper - Penang, Malaysia

  • Broad-billed sandpiper - Penang, Malaysia

    Broad-billed sandpiper - Penang, Malaysia

  • Broad-billed sandpiper

    Broad-billed sandpiper

  • Broad-billed sandpiper

    Broad-billed sandpiper

  • Broad-billed sandpiper

    Broad-billed sandpiper

  • Broad-billed sandpiper

    Broad-billed sandpiper

  • Broad-billed sandpiper - Pak Thale, Petchaburi, Thailand

    Broad-billed sandpiper - Pak Thale, Petchaburi, Thailand

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Charadriiformes
Family
Scolopacidae
Genus
Limicola
Species
Limicola falcinellus

Common names

  • English: Broad-billed sandpiper
  • French: Bécasseau falcinelle
  • Thai: นกชายเลนปากกว้าง, nok chai-len paak kwang

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Broad-billed sandpiper

Broad-billed sandpiper

Copyright iStockphoto,

Broad-billed sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus)

Broad-billed sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus)

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported

Distribution map of Broad-billed sandpiper, Limicola falcinellus in Thailand
  • Amphawa District, Samut Songkhram
  • Ao Phang-Nga National Park
  • Ban Laem District, Phetchaburi
  • Bang Pu Recreation Centre
  • Bueng Boraped Non-hunting Area
  • Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
  • Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi
  • Laem Pak Bia
  • Mueang Chonburi District, Chonburi
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
  • Mueang Pattani District, Pattani
  • Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi
  • Mueang Samut Sakhon District, Samut Sakhon
  • Mueang Samut Songkhram District, Samut Songkhram
  • Pak Phanang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Pak Thale
  • Takua Pa District, Phang Nga

Range map of Limicola falcinellus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Species Identification Help group on Facebook.