In Thai: นกยางไฟหัวดำ, nok yaang fai hua dam
Binomial name: Ixobrychus sinensis, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1789
The yellow bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis) is a small bittern. It is of Old World origins, breeding in much of the Indian Subcontinent, east to Japan and Indonesia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances. It has been recorded as a vagrant in Alaska and there is a single sighting in Britain, from Radipole Lake, Dorset on November 23, 1962 - however, the BOU have always considered this occurrence to be of uncertain provenance and currently it is not accepted onto the official British List.
This is a small species at 36 to 38 cm in length, with a short neck and longish bill. The male is uniformly dull yellow above and buff below. The head and neck are chestnut, with a black crown.
The female's crown, neck and breast are streaked brown, and the juvenile is like the female but heavily streaked brown below, and mottled with buff above.
Their breeding habitat is reed beds. They nest on platforms of reeds in shrubs. Four to six eggs are laid. They can be difficult to see, given their skulking lifestyle and reed bed habitat, but tend to fly fairly frequently, when the striking contrast between the black flight feathers and the otherwise yellowish plumage makes them unmistakable.
Yellow bitterns feed on insects, fish and amphibians.
The yellow bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis) is protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.
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Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Pelecaniformes Family Ardeidae Genus Ixobrychus Species Ixobrychus sinensis
English: Yellow bittern French: Blongios de Chine Thai: นกยางไฟหัวดำ, nok yaang fai hua dam
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
Amphawa District, Samut Songkhram Ao Phang-Nga National Park Ban Chang District, Rayong Ban Laem District, Phetchaburi Ban Lat District, Phetchaburi Ban Phai District, Khon Kaen Bang Ban District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Bang Len District, Nakhon Pathom Bang Pa In District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Bang Pahan District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area Bang Pu Recreation Centre Bangkok Province Borabue District, Maha Sarakham Bueng Boraped Non-Hunting Area Bueng Khong Long Non-Hunting Area Chatturat District, Chaiyaphum Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai Chiang Khong District, Chiang Rai Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai Doi Inthanon National Park Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai Don Chedi District, Suphan Buri Fang District, Chiang Mai Hat Yai District, Songkhla Huai Chorakhe Mak Reservoir Non-Hunting Area Huai Talat Reservoir Non-Hunting Area Kabin Buri District, Prachinburi Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi Kaeng Krachan National Park Kamphaeng Saen District, Nakhon Pathom Kantharawichai District, Maha Sarakham Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Laem Ya National Park Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park Khao Sok National Park Khao Yai National Park Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi Khlong Luang District, Pathum Thani Khuan Khanun District, Phatthalung Khun Chae National Park Klaeng District, Rayong Kui Buri National Park Kumphawapi District, Udon Thani Laem Pak Bia Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Mae Mo District, Lampang Mae Sai District, Chiang Rai Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Mae Tha, Lampang District, Lampang Mueang Buriram District, Buriram Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai Mueang Chonburi District, Chonburi Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen Mueang Lampang District, Lampang Mueang Lamphun District, Lamphun Mueang Lopburi District, Lopburi Mueang Maha Sarakham District, Maha Sarakham Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok Mueang Nakhon Pathom District, Nakhon Pathom Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District, Nakhon Ratchasima Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Mueang Nong Khai District, Nong Khai Mueang Nonthaburi District, Nonthaburi Mueang Pan District, Lampang Mueang Pathum Thani District, Pathum Thani Mueang Pattani District, Pattani Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga Mueang Phatthalung District, Phatthalung Mueang Phayao District, Phayao Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi Mueang Phichit District, Phichit Mueang Phitsanulok District, Phitsanulok Mueang Phuket District, Phuket Mueang Ratchaburi District, Ratchaburi Mueang Samut Sakhon District, Samut Sakhon Mueang Samut Songkhram District, Samut Songkhram Mueang Songkhla District, Songkhla Mueang Suphanburi District, Suphan Buri Mueang Surat Thani District, Surat Thani Mueang Surin District, Surin Mueang Tak District, Tak Non Thai District, Nakhon Ratchasima Nong Bong Khai Non-Hunting Area Nong Han Lake Nong Song Hong District, Khon Kaen Nong Waeng Non-Hunting Area Nong Ya Plong District, Phetchaburi Nong Yai Area Development Project Under Royal Init Pa Sak Chonlasit Dam Non-Hunting Area Pa Sang District, Lamphun Pak Chong District, Nakhon Ratchasima Pak Khat District, Bueng Kan Pak Kret District, Nonthaburi Pak Phanang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Pak Phli District, Nakhon Nayok Pak Thale Pak Tho District, Ratchaburi Phaisali District, Nakhon Sawan Phanat Nikhom District, Chonburi Phi Phi Islands Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Phra Phrom District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Phu Wiang National Park Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom Pran Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Sai Noi District, Nonthaburi Samut Prakan Province San Sai District, Chiang Mai Sanam Bin Reservoir Non-Hunting Area Sathing Phra District, Songkhla Sattahip District, Chonburi Si Maha Phot District, Prachinburi Si Satchanalai District, Sukhothai Sikhoraphum District, Surin Sirinat National Park Surin Islands Taksin Maharat National Park Takua Pa District, Phang Nga Taphan Hin District, Phichit Tha Sala District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi Thalang District, Phuket Thale Ban National Park Thale Noi Non-Hunting Area Than Sadet - Koh Pha-Ngan National Park Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani Wang Chan District, Rayong Wang Nam Yen District, Sa Kaeo Wang Noi District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Wat Phai Lom & Wat Ampu Wararam Non-Hunting Area Wiang Kaen District, Chiang Rai Range map of Ixobrychus sinensis in Thailand
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