In Thai: นกยางไฟธรรมดา, nok yaang fai tam-ma-daa
Binomial name: Ixobrychus cinnamomeus, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1789
The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small bittern. It is of Old World origins, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances.
This is a small species at 38 cm length, though is one of the larger Ixobrychus bitterns. Possessing a short neck and longish bill, the male is uniformly cinnamon above and buff below. The female is similar but her back and crown are brown, and the juvenile is like the female but heavily streaked brown below.
When surprised on its nest or concerned, it assumes the characteristic attitude of bitterns, aptly termed the on-guard. The neck is stretched perpendicularly, bill pointing skyward, while the bird freezes, becoming astonishingly obliterated amongst its reedy environment.
Their breeding habitat is reed beds. They nest on platforms of reeds in shrubs. Four to six eggs are laid. They can be difficult to see, given their skulking lifestyle and reed bed habitat, but tend to emerge at dusk, when they can be seen creeping almost cat-like in search of frogs.
Cinnamon bitterns feed on insects, fish and amphibians.
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Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Pelecaniformes Family Ardeidae Genus Ixobrychus Species Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Thai: นกยางไฟธรรมดา, nok yaang fai tam-ma-daa
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
Amphawa District, Samut Songkhram Ban Chang District, Rayong Ban Laem District, Phetchaburi Ban Lat District, Phetchaburi Ban Lueam District, Nakhon Ratchasima Ban Phai District, Khon Kaen Bang Len District, Nakhon Pathom Bang Pa In District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area Bang Pu Recreation Centre Bangkok Province Borabue District, Maha Sarakham Bueng Boraped Non-Hunting Area Bueng Khong Long Non-Hunting Area Buntharik District, Ubon Ratchathani Chatturat District, Chaiyaphum Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai Doi Inthanon National Park Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai Fang District, Chiang Mai Hang Chat District, Lampang Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park Hat Yai District, Songkhla Huai Chorakhe Mak Reservoir Non-Hunting Area Huai Talat Reservoir Non-Hunting Area Kaeng Krachan National Park Kamphaeng Saen District, Nakhon Pathom Kantharawichai District, Maha Sarakham Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park Khao Luang National Park Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sok National Park Khao Yai National Park Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi Khlong Luang District, Pathum Thani Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary Khok Sung District, Sa Kaeo Khun Chae National Park Khura Buri District, Phang Nga Ko Lanta National Park Ko Phra Thong Ko Samui District, Surat Thani Kumphawapi District, Udon Thani Laem Pak Bia Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Mae Mo District, Lampang Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Mae Tha, Lampang District, Lampang Mu Ko Chang National Park Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen Mueang Krabi District, Krabi Mueang Lampang District, Lampang Mueang Lamphun District, Lamphun Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok Mueang Nakhon Pathom District, Nakhon Pathom Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District, Nakhon Ratchasima Mueang Nong Khai District, Nong Khai Mueang Pattani District, Pattani Mueang Phang Nga District, Phang Nga Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi Mueang Phitsanulok District, Phitsanulok Mueang Prachuap Khiri Khan District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Mueang Ratchaburi District, Ratchaburi Mueang Samut Sakhon District, Samut Sakhon Mueang Sukhothai District, Sukhothai Mueang Suphanburi District, Suphan Buri Mueang Surat Thani District, Surat Thani Mueang Surin District, Surin Mueang Tak District, Tak Na Chaluai District, Ubon Ratchathani Namtok Sam Lan National Park Nong Bong Khai Non-Hunting Area Nong Han Lake Pa Sak Chonlasit Dam Non-Hunting Area Pa Sang District, Lamphun Pai District, Mae Hong Son Pak Khat District, Bueng Kan Pak Phli District, Nakhon Nayok Pak Thale Pak Tho District, Ratchaburi Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Phra Phrom District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Phu Foi Lom National Park Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom Ramkhamhaeng National Park Ratchasan District, Chachoengsao Sai Noi District, Nonthaburi Samae San Island Samut Prakan Province San Sai District, Chiang Mai Sanam Bin Reservoir Non-Hunting Area Sathing Phra District, Songkhla Similan Islands Surin Islands Taksin Maharat National Park Takua Pa District, Phang Nga Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi Thalang District, Phuket Thale Noi Non-Hunting Area Than Sadet - Koh Pha-Ngan National Park Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani Wang Noi District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Wat Phai Lom & Wat Ampu Wararam Non-Hunting Area Wiang Chai District, Chiang Rai Range map of Ixobrychus cinnamomeus in Thailand
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