Species of Thailand
Binomial name: Sitta frontalis, William John Swainson, 1820
The Velvet-fronted Nuthatch (Sitta frontalis) is a small passerine bird found in southern Asia from Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka east to south China and Indonesia. It is a member of the nuthatch family Sittidae.
It is a resident breeder of all types of woods, although open evergreen forest is the optimal habitat.
It has the ability, like other nuthatches, to climb down trees, unlike species such as woodpeckers which can only go upwards. It is an active feeder on insects and spiders, and may be found in mixed feeding flocks with other passerines.
The Velvet-fronted Nuthatch has the typical nuthatch big head, short tail and powerful bill and feet. It is 12.5 cm long. It is violet-blue above, with lavender cheeks, beige underparts and a whitish throat. The bill is red, and there is a black patch on the forehead. The male also has a black supercilium.
Females lack the supercilium and have a warmer underpart colour. Juveniles are duller versions of the adult. There are four races differing in the shade of the underparts and the extent of white on the throat.
Nests are in tree holes or crevices, lined with moss, fur and feathers, or grass. Often the nuthatch needs to enlarge the hole, but a large hole may have the size of its entrance reduced by the building of a neat mud wall. Three to six eggs are laid, white speckled with red.
This is a noisy bird, often located by its repeated “sit-sit-sit” call.
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- Sitta frontalis
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Bang Lang National Park
- Chae Son National Park
- Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park
- Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Chiang Khong District, Chiang Rai
- Doi Chong National Park
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Doi Phu Kha National Park
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
- Hang Chat District, Lampang
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Nam Dang National Park
- Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Banthad Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Laem National Park
- Khao Lak - Lam Ru National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Nam Khang National Park
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khlong Lan National Park
- Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
- Khun Chae National Park
- Khun Korn Forest Park
- Khun Phawo National Park
- Khun Tan District, Chiang Rai
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai
- Mae Fa Luang District, Chiang Rai
- Mae Moei National Park
- Mae Ping National Park
- Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Sai District, Chiang Rai
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Nam Nao National Park
- Ob Khan National Park
- Pa Sang District, Lamphun
- Pai District, Mae Hong Son
- Pang Sida National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Phan District, Chiang Rai
- Phu Chi Fa Forest Park
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Kradueng National Park
- Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Phan National Park
- Phu Ruea National Park
- Phu Soi Dao National Park
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- San Kala Khiri National Park
- Sangkhla Buri District, Kanchanaburi
- Sri Nakarin Dam National Park
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Sukhirin District, Narathiwat
- Taksin Maharat National Park
- Thale Ban National Park
- Thap Lan National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Wiang Kaen District, Chiang Rai
Range map of Sitta frontalis in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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