Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Straw-headed bulbul

Pycnonotus zeylanicus

Johann Friedrich Gmelin, 1789

In Thai: นกปรอดแม่ทะ, นกปรอดแม่พะ

The straw-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus) is a species of songbird in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is found from the Malay Peninsula to Borneo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, arable land, plantations, and rural gardens. It is threatened by habitat loss and poaching.

The straw-headed bulbul is prized for its singing ability and is a highly sought-after species by bird enthusiasts in Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia. This trade is causing population reductions across the species' range and is a major barrier to its conservation. Trapping has been facilitated in recent years by the spread of logging roads across its forest habitat. Due to this, the straw-headed bulbul was uplisted from endangered to critically endangered on the IUCN Red List in 2018.

Taxonomy and systematics

The straw-headed bulbul was originally described in the genus Sturnus. Alternate names for the straw-headed bulbul include the star-crowned bulbul, straw-crowned bulbul and yellow-crowned bulbul.

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Category / Seasonal Status

Wiki listed status (concerning Thai population): Rare, Critically endangered

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Pycnonotus zeylanicus

Common names

  • Thai: นกปรอดแม่ทะ, นกปรอดแม่พะ

Conservation status

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Critically Endangered (IUCN3.1)

Critically Endangered (BirdLife)

Critically Endangered (IUCN3.1)

Critically Endangered (ONEP)

Critically Endangered (IUCN3.1)

Critically Endangered (BCST)


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Straw-headed bulbul
Straw-headed bulbul
Straw-headed bulbul range

Range Map

Distribution map of Straw-headed bulbul, Pycnonotus zeylanicus in Thailand
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
Range map of Pycnonotus zeylanicus in Thailand