Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Puff-throated bulbul

Alophoixus pallidus, Robert Swinhoe, 1870

(In Thai: นกปรอดโอ่งเมืองเหนือ)

The puff-throated bulbul (Alophoixus pallidus) is a songbird in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. The species was first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1870. It is found in Southeast Asia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Taxonomy and systematics

The puff-throated bulbul was originally described in the genus Criniger until moved to the genus Alophoixus in 2009. Alternate names for the puff-throated bulbul include the olivaceous bearded-bulbul, olivaceous bulbul and white-throated bulbul. The latter name should not be confused with the species of the same name, Alophoixus flaveolus.


Seven subspecies are recognized:

  • Grey-crowned bulbul (A. p. griseiceps) - (Hume, 1873): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Criniger. Found in the Pegu Yoma Mountains (south-central Myanmar)
  • A. p. robinsoni - (Ticehurst, 1932): Found in Tenasserim (south-eastern Myanmar)
  • A. p. henrici - (Oustalet, 1896): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Criniger. Found in south-western China, eastern Myanmar, northern Thailand and northern Indochina
  • A. p. pallidus - (R. Swinhoe, 1870): Found on Hainan Island (off south-eastern China)
  • A. p. isani - (Deignan, 1956): Found in north-eastern Thailand
  • A. p. annamensis - (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924): Found in central Indochina
  • A. p. khmerensis - (Deignan, 1956): Found in southern Indochina


The puff-throated bulbul is a large (23 cm long) bulbul with olive upperparts, yellow underparts, and puffy white throat feathers. It is similar in appearance to the white-throated bulbul but with duller underparts. It has black feet and brown iris and bill. Males and females are visually indistinguishable.

Behaviour and ecology

The puff-throated bulbul is a regular but not an obligate cooperative breeder. Groups can comprise one or more breeding pairs and breed either cooperatively or non-cooperatively. In cases of multiple breeding pairs in a single territory, the pairs nest separately. The female builds the nest and incubates and broods the young. Males and helpers aid in feeding the nestlings and fledglings. Nests are open cups typically located in the understorey.

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Category / Seasonal Status

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Alophoixus pallidus

Common names

  • Thai: นกปรอดโอ่งเมืองเหนือ

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)


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Puff-throated bulbul
Puff-throated bulbul
Puff-throated bulbul (alophoixus pallidus)
Puff-throated bulbul (alophoixus pallidus)
Puff-throated bulbul

Range Map

Distribution map of Puff-throated bulbul, Alophoixus pallidus in Thailand
  • Chae Son National Park
  • Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai
  • Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chiang Khong District, Chiang Rai
  • Doi Chong National Park
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Khun Tan National Park
  • Doi Lang
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
  • Doi Phu Kha National Park
  • Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai
  • Doi Suthep - Pui National Park
  • Huai Talat Reservoir Non-Hunting Area
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
  • Khun Chae National Park
  • Khun Korn Forest Park
  • Khun Nan National Park
  • Khun Tan District, Chiang Rai
  • Lam Nam Kok National Park
  • Mae Fa Luang District, Chiang Rai
  • Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
  • Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
  • Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
  • Mueang Nong Khai District, Nong Khai
  • Nam Nao National Park
  • Pa Sang District, Lamphun
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Pha Daeng National Park
  • Phan District, Chiang Rai
  • Phu Chong Na Yoi National Park
  • Phu Foi Lom National Park
  • Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
  • Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Phu Langka National Park
  • Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Phu Soi Dao National Park
  • Phu Suan Sai National Park
  • Phu Wiang National Park
  • Ramkhamhaeng National Park
  • Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
  • Tat Mok National Park
  • Tham Sakoen National Park
  • Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
  • Wiang Kosai National Park
Range map of Alophoixus pallidus in Thailand