Species of Thailand

Large-eyed bamboo snake

Pseudoxenodon macrops, Edward Blyth, 1855

(In Thai: งูลายสาบตาโต, ngu lai saap dtaa dto)

Pseudoxenodon macrops, commonly known as the large-eyed bamboo snake or the Chinese false cobra, is a species of venomous rear-fanged snake endemic to Asia.

Description

P. macrops is a fairly variable species with brownish and almost blackish shades with short crossbars.

Diet

P. macrops preys on frogs and lizards.

Venom

P. macrops is a venomous species. However, the potency of its venom is currently unknown.

Reproduction

P. macrops is an oviparous species. An adult female may lay as many as 10 eggs.

Subspecies

There are three known subspecies including, the nominotypical subspecies.

  • Pseudoxenodon macrops fukiensis
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis

Nota bene: A binomial authority or a trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species or subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Pseodoxenodon.

Geographic range

P. macrops is found in India (Darjeeling, Assam; Arunachal Pradesh (Deban - Changlang district) ), Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, West Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, SW China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Sichuan, Guizhou ?, Gansu).

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Pseudoxenodontidae
Genus
Pseudoxenodon
Species
Pseudoxenodon macrops

Common names

  • German: Grossaugen-Wassernatter
  • English:
    • Large-eyed false cobra
    • Large-eyed bamboo snake
    • Big-eyed bamboo snake
    • Mock cobra
  • Thai:
    • งูลายสาบตาโต, ngu lai saap dtaa dto
    • งูลายสาบคอบั้ง, ngu lai sap khor bang

Subspecies

  • Pseudoxenodon macrops fukiensis, Clifford H. Pope, 1928

  • Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops, Edward Blyth, 1855

  • Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis, George Albert Boulenger, 1904

Synonyms

  • Pseudoxenodon macrops, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops fukienensis, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops, Nguyen Van Sang et al. (2009)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (1999)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops fukienensis, Ermi Zhao & Kraig Adler (1993)
  • Pseudoxenodon macrops fukiensis, Liu et Hu et al. (1980)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

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Pseudoxenodon macrops
Pseudoxenodon macrops
Pseudoxenodon macrops

Range Map

Distribution map of Large-eyed bamboo snake, Pseudoxenodon macrops in Thailand
  • Dan Sai District, Loei
  • Doi Inthanon National Park
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
  • Doi Phu Kha National Park
  • Doi Suthep - Pui National Park
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Mae Wang District, Chiang Mai
  • Mae Wong National Park
  • Nam Nao National Park
  • Omkoi District, Chiang Mai
  • Op Luang National Park
  • Phop Phra District, Tak
  • Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
  • Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Phu Ruea National Park
Range map of Pseudoxenodon macrops in Thailand