Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Common bamboo snake

Pseudoxenodon bambusicola

Theodor Vogt, 1922

Pseudoxenodon bambusicola, commonly known as the bamboo snake or bamboo false cobra, is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is found in China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand .


These snakes can range in color from light brown to a grey purple with black to red banding down its body. Being that it is a false cobra it will raise up when it feels threatened and spread its neck into a small hood. The hood has a pointed oval ring that spans the length and it has a black band across its large circular eyes. These snakes can reach up to 100 cm (3.5 feet) in length.


This snake can be found in northern Thailand, northern Laos, northern Vietnam and southern China. They reside in wetlands near rocky terrain, moving mostly through leaf litter and vegetation close to the ground where they can stay hidden from predators.


This species has been observed eating frogs, but it likely also eats small lizards, and insects when it's a hatchling.


This snake is active during the day, hunting hidden in vegetation, ambushing small prey. When threatened this snake tends to react aggressively rearing up and flattening its hood. It will strike repeatedly with several false bites before it will engage a true strike. It is rear fanged so its bite, while painful and latching, is generally harmless. It is mildly venomous, but with the fang position and potency, there have been no known injuries or deaths attributed to this species.


These snakes are quite prevalent throughout their range and currently do not face any threats to their habitat or breeding population.

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Scientific classification

Pseudoxenodon bambusicola

Common names

  • English:
    • Common bamboo snake
    • Bamboo snake


  • Pseudoxenodon bambusicola, WANG et al. (2022)
  • Pseudoxenodon bambusicola, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Pseudoxenodon bambusicola, Thomas Ziegler et al. (2006)
  • Pseudoxenodon bambusicola, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Pseudoxenodon dorsalis melli, R. Mell (1931)
  • Pseudoxenodon dorsalis bambusicola, R. Mell (1931)
  • Pseudoxenodon dorsalis melli, R. Mell (1929)
  • Pseudoxenodon melli, Theodor Vogt (1922)
  • Pseudoxenodon bambusicola, Carl Christoph Vogt (1922)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)


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Pseudoxenodon bambusicola

Copyright Dave Eric Sargeant

Pseudoxenodon bambusicola
Pseudoxenodon bambusicola

Copyright Dave Eric Sargeant

Pseudoxenodon bambusicola

Range Map

Distribution map of Common bamboo snake, Pseudoxenodon bambusicola in Thailand
  • Doi Phu Kha National Park
  • Khun Nan National Park
Range map of Pseudoxenodon bambusicola in Thailand