Species of Thailand
Binomial name: Anthus hodgsoni, Charles Wallace Richmond, 1907
The olive-backed pipit (Anthus hodgsoni) is a small passerine bird of the pipit (Anthus) genus, which breeds across South, north Central and East Asia, as well as in the northeast of European Russia. It is a long-distance migrant moving in winter to southern Asia and Indonesia. Sometimes it is also called Indian pipit or Hodgson's pipit, as well as tree pipit owing to its resemblance with the tree pipit. However, its back is more olive-toned and less streaked than that species, and its head pattern is different with a better-marked supercilium.
- Summer: from Himalayan Pakistan and India, westward through Nepal, into China, north to Gansu province, and eastwards through Korea to Japan, and north through north Central Asia into north-eastern Europe (European Russia). Occasionally a rare vagrant in western Europe. Breeds up to 4500m in eastern Nepal.
- Winter: Broad southern region across Asia, from peninsular India, east to southeast Asia and the Philippines.
- Habitat: Affects open country. Wintering in evergreen woodland, Summers in groves and wooded biotope.
- Size: Sparrow+ (ca. 15 cm)
- Appearance: Greenish brown streaked with darker brown above. Supercilium, double wingbar and outer rectrices whitish. Whitish to buff below streaked with dark brown on breast and flanks. Sexes alike.
- Habits: Seen singly or pairs. Runs about on the ground in search of food and flies up into trees when disturbed. Flight jerky and undulating.
- Call: Song lark-like and uttered on the wing, similar to the tree pipit, but faster and higher pitched. A single tseep or spek, also similar to the tree pipit.
- Food: Insects, grass and weed seeds.
- Food: Largely insects, but will also take seeds.
- Season: May to July.
- Nest: a cup of moss and grass placed on the ground under a tuft of grass or boulder. open woodland and scrub.
- Eggs: 3-5, usu. 4, dark brown, spotted darker. Usually two broods are raised.
The scientific name of this bird commemorates the British ornithologist Brian Houghton Hodgson.
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- Anthus hodgsoni
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ban Hong Non-hunting Area
- Bang Pa In District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
- Bang Phra Non-hunting Area
- Bangkok Province
- Bueng Khong Long Non-hunting Area
- Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Chiang Khong District, Chiang Rai
- Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai
- Doi Chong National Park
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Doi Phu Kha National Park
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Hang Chat District, Lampang
- Huai Chorakhe Mak Reservoir Non-hunting Area
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Nam Dang National Park
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Kamphaeng Saen District, Nakhon Pathom
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Sanam Prieng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi
- Khun Nan National Park
- Khun Tan District, Chiang Rai
- Lam Nam Kok National Park
- Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Moei National Park
- Mae Ping National Park
- Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Sot District, Tak
- Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai
- Mueang Kamphaeng Phet District, Kamphaeng Phet
- Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
- Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi
- Mueang Sukhothai District, Sukhothai
- Mueang Suphanburi District, Suphan Buri
- Mueang Tak District, Tak
- Nam Nao National Park
- Namtok Mae Surin National Park
- Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area
- Pai District, Mae Hong Son
- Pak Phli District, Nakhon Nayok
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Phatthana Nikhom District, Lopburi
- Phu Chi Fa Forest Park
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Kradueng National Park
- Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Ruea National Park
- Phu Soi Dao National Park
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Phu Wiang National Park
- Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom
- Si Satchanalai District, Sukhothai
- Taksin Maharat National Park
- Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
- Tham Sakoen National Park
- Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani
- Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Wat Phai Lom & Wat Ampu Wararam Non-hunting Area
Range map of Anthus hodgsoni in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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