Thai National Parks

Snakes of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Brahminy's blind snake

In Thai: งูดินบ้าน, ngu din baan

Binomial name: Indotyphlops braminus, François Marie Daudin, 1803

Ramphotyphlops braminus is a blind snake species found mostly in Africa and Asia, but has been introduced in many other parts of the world. Completely fossorial, they are often mistaken for earthworms, except that they are not segmented. The specific name is a Latinized form of the word Brahmin, which is a caste among Hindus. No subspecies are currently recognized.


along the entire body. The coloration of the adults varies from shiny silver gray to charcoal gray or purple. The venter is grayish to brown. Juveniles are colored much the same as the adults.

The tiny eyes are covered with translucent scales, rendering these snakes almost entirely blind. The eyes cannot form images, but are still capable of registering light intensity.

Common names

Ramphotyphlops braminus is variously known as brahminy blind snake (or brahminy blindsnake), flowerpot snake, common blind snake, island blind snake, and Hawaiian blind snake. The moniker "flowerpot snake" derives from the snake's incidental introduction to various parts of the world through the plant trade.

Geographic range

Found in Africa and Asia, but being an introduced species in many parts of the world, it is also found in Australia and the Americas. It is common throughout most of Florida Africa, it has been reported in Senegal, Benin, Togo, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Somalia, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa (an isolated colony in Cape Town, also about 8 have been found in Lephalale, Limpopo Province at the Medupi Power Station during construction), Madagascar, the Comoro Islands, Mauritius, the Mascarene Islands and the Seychelles. given is "Vizagapatam" [India.

This is also the only snake reported from Lakshadweep Islands.


Usually occur in urban and agricultural areas. These snakes live underground in ant and termite nests. They are also found under logs, moist leaves and humus in wet forest, dry jungle and even city gardens. The distribution and survival of this group of snakes directly reflects soil humidity and temperature.


Their diet consists of the larvae, eggs, and pupae of ants and termites.


This species is parthenogenetic and all specimens collected so far have been female. They lay eggs or may bear live young. Up to eight offspring are produced: all female and all genetically identical.

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Scientific classification

Indotyphlops braminus

Common names

  • German: Brahmanen-Wurmschlange
  • English:
    • Brahminy blind snake
    • Common blind snake
    • Bootlace snake
    • Flowerpot snake
  • Thai: งูดินบ้าน, ngu din baan


  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Tanya Chan-Ard et al. (2015)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Harold Cogger (2014)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Indotyphlops braminus, Stephen Blair Hedges et al. (2014)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, D.G. Broadley & Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach (2009)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Neil D'Cruze et al. (2007)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Roy W. McDiarmid, Jonathan A. Campbell & T'Shaka A. Touré (1999)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Frank Glaw & Miguel Vences (1994)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Roger Conant & Joseph Thomas Collins (1991)
  • Typhlina bramina bramina, Walter Auffenberg (1980)
  • Ramphotyphlops braminus, Ronald Archie Nussbaum (1980)
  • Typhlina braminus, Samuel Booker McDowell (1974)
  • Typhlina (?) bramina, Samuel Booker McDowell (1974)
  • Typhlops pseudosaurus, G. L. Dryden & Edward Harrison Taylor (1969)
  • Typhlops braminus, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Typhlops braminus, Nakamura (1938)
  • Typhlops braminus braminus, Robert Mertens (1930)
  • Typhlops braminus, George Albert Boulenger (1920)
  • Typhlops fletcheri, Frank Wall (1919)
  • Typhlops braminus, Nelly de Rooij (1917)
  • Typhlopidae sic braminus, Jean Roux (1911)
  • Typhlopidae braminus, Jean Roux (1911)
  • Typhlops braueri, George Albert Boulenger (1910)
  • Glauconia braueri, Richard Sternfeld (1910)
  • Typhlops microcephalus, Franz Werner (1909)
  • Typhlops braminus var. pallidus, Frank Wall (1909)
  • Typhlops braminus, Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1907)
  • Typhlops braminus var. arenicola, Nelson Annandale (1906)
  • Typhlops limbrickii, Nelson Annandale (1906)
  • Typhlops accedens, George Albert Boulenger (1893)
  • Typhlops braminus, George Albert Boulenger (1893)
  • Typhlops russellii, George Albert Boulenger (1893)
  • Tortrix russellii, George Albert Boulenger (1893)
  • Typhlops bramineus, Bernhard Meyer (1887)
  • Typhlops (Typhlops) euproctus, Oskar Boettger (1882)
  • Typhlops accedens, Giorgio Jan & Ferdinando Sordelli (1864)
  • Typhlops (Typhlops) accedens, Giorgio Jan (1863)
  • Typhlops (Typhlops) inconspicuus, Giorgio Jan (1863)
  • Ophthalmidium tenue, Edward Hallowell (1861)
  • Argyrophis bramicus sic, Edward Frederick Kelaart (1854)
  • Onychocephalus capensis, Andrew Smith (1846)
  • Tortrix bramicus, John Edward Gray (1845)
  • Eryx bramicus, John Edward Gray (1845)
  • Argyrophis bramicus, John Edward Gray (1845)
  • Argyrophis truncatus, John Edward Gray (1845)
  • Typhlops braminus, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1844)
  • Typhlops russeli, Hermann Schlegel (1839)
  • Typhlops braminus, Georges-Frédéric Cuvier (1829)
  • Tortrix russelii, Blasius Merrem (1820)
  • Eryx braminus, François Marie Daudin (1803)

Conservation status

Not Evaluated (IUCN)

Not Evaluated (IUCN)


Indotyphlops braminus - Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
Indotyphlops braminus - Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi
Indotyphlops braminus - Mueang Loei District, Loei
Indotyphlops braminus - Mueang Loei District, Loei

Range Map

Distribution map of Brahminy's blind snake, Indotyphlops braminus in Thailand
Range map of Indotyphlops braminus in Thailand