Species of Thailand
Garnot’s house gecko
Binomial name: Hemidactylus garnotii, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron, 1836
Hemidactylus garnotii, commonly known as the Indo-Pacific gecko, Garnot's house gecko or the fox gecko, is a species of gecko found in India, the Philippines, Southeast Asia, Australia, and throughout Polynesia. Adults are about 4 to 5 cm in total length (including tail). They are seen as dark gray or brown with light markings in daylight and a pale, translucent colour at night. The belly is orange or yellow. The head has a long, narrow snout, hence the name fox gecko. The flattened tail has a row of spiny scales on the lateral edges. The species is parthenogenic – all individuals are female and lay eggs that hatch without requiring male fertilisation.
In Hawaii, the species is thought to be a long-term resident. Formerly considered a house gecko, it has been displaced to natural habitats by the more recently arrived common house gecko. In Florida and Georgia it has become established as an invasive species of concern.
The specific name, garnotii, is in honor of French naturalist Prosper Garnot.
Snout obtusely pointed, longer than the distance between the eye and the ear-opening, 1.5 to 1.6 times the diameter of the orbit; forehead slightly concave; ear-opening small, rounded. Body and limbs moderate. A slight but distinct fold of the skin along the flanks, and another bordering the hind limb posteriorly. Digits free or with a very slight rudiment of web, moderately dilated, inner well developed; infradigital lamellae oblique, 6 or 7 under the inner digits, 10 to 12 under the fourth finger, and 11 to 14 under the fourth toe. Upper surfaces and throat covered with minute granular scales, a little larger on the snout; abdominal scales moderate, imbricate. Rostral subquadrangular, with median cleft above; nostril pierced between the rostral and three nasals; 12 or 13 upper and 9 to 11 lower labials; mental large, triangular, in contact posteriorly with a pair of pentagonal chin-shields, followed by a second smaller pair; the anterior pair of chin-shields in contact with the first infralabial, and with each other mesially; the posterior pair separated from each other, and also completely or nearly completely from the labials. Tail depressed, flat beneath, with sharp denticulated lateral edge; the scales on the upper surface very small, equal; those on the lower surface larger, imbricate, with a median series of large, transversely dilated plates.
Brownish grey above, uniform or with more or less distinct brown and whitish spots; lower surfaces uniform whitish.
Snout to vent length (SVL) 2.3 cm; tail 2.6 cm.
H. garnotii is a parthenogenetic species.
Sikkim, Burma, Malay Peninsula and Malay Archipelago, South Pacific Islands.
NE Bangladesh, NE India (Darjeeling, Assam, Sikkim), Nepal, Bhutan,
Thailand, Myanmar (= Burma), Malaysia,
southern China (Hong Kong, Guangdong, Hainan, southern Yunnan), Taiwan,
Philippine Islands, New Zealand (introduced),
Indonesia (Sumatra, Nias, Borneo, Java),
New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Polynesia, Fiji, Western Samoa.
Introduced into Hawaii, Florida, and the Bahamas.
Type locality: "l'Ile de Taiti French Polynesia".
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- Hemidactylus garnotii
- Indo-Pazifik Gecko
- Indo-Pacific gecko
- Garnot’s house gecko
- Fox gecko
- Assam greyish brown gecko
- Hemidactylus garnotii, Larry Lee Grismer (2011)
- Hemidactylus garnotii, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
- Hemidactylus garnotii, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
- Hemidactylus garnotii, Roger Conant & Joseph Thomas Collins (1991)
- Hemidactylus garnotti (sic), Scott et al. (1977)
- Hemidactylus peruvianus, Heinz Wermuth (1965)
- Hemidactylus garnetii (sic), Vasco M. Tanner (1952)
- Hemidactylus guadama (sic), Edward Harrison Taylor (1934)
- Hemidactylus garnoti sic, Nelly de Rooij (1915)
- Hemidactylus garnoti, Nelly de Rooij (1915)
- Lepidodactylus garnotii, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw (1902)
- Hemidactylus garnotii, George Albert Boulenger (1885)
- Hemidactylus blanfordii, George Albert Boulenger (1885)
- Hemidactylus peruvianus, George Albert Boulenger (1885)
- Hemidactylus mortoni, George Albert Boulenger (1885)
- Hemidactylus (Doryura) mandellianus, Ferdinand Stoliczka (1871)
- Doryura gaudama, William Theobald (1868)
- Hemidactylus mortoni, William Theobald (1868)
- Hemidactylus ludekingii, Pieter Bleeker (1858)
- Doryura vulpecula, Charles Frédéric Girard (1857)
- Doryura garnotii, John Edward Gray (1845)
- Doryura garnotii, André Marie Constant Duméril (1845)
- Hoplodion garnotii, Leopold Fitzinger (1843)
- Hoplopodion (Microdactylus) peruvianum, Leopold Fitzinger (1843)
- Hoplopodion (Onychopus) garnotii, Leopold Fitzinger (1843)
- Hemidactylus garnotii, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1836)
- Hemidactylus peruvianus, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1836)
- Hemidactylus peruvianus, Arend Friedrich August Wiegmann (1834)
Range map of Hemidactylus garnotii in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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