Species of Thailand
Thai: เหยี่ยวนกเขาหงอน, yiow nok khao hngon
Binomial name: Accipiter trivirgatus, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1824
The crested goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus) is a bird of prey from tropical Asia. It is related to other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards (or buteos) and harriers, and thus placed in the family Accipitridae.
This raptor has short broad wings and a long tail, both adaptations to manoeuvring through trees. It is 30–46 cm in length, with the female much larger than the male. The larger size and a short crest, clearly visible in profile, are the best distinctions from its relative, the besra (A. virgatus).
The male has a dark brown crown, grey head sides and black moustachial and throat stripes. The pale underparts are patterned with rufous streaks on the breast and bars on the belly. The larger female has a browner head and brown underpart streaks and bars. The juvenile has pale fringes to its head feathers, and the underpart background colour is buff rather than white.
The flight is a characteristic "slow flap, slow flap, straight glide", similar to other Accipiter species such as the northern goshawk (A. gentilis).
Range and ecology
The crested goshawk breeds in southern Asia, from India and Sri Lanka to southern China, Indonesia and the Philippines. It is primarily a lowland bird, and an all-year resident. Even in upland habitat it is resident in winter, for example in the Himalayas foothills of Bhutan or in Sal (Shorea robusta) forest in India's Dehradun district. In these lands at the northern end of its range, it is generally very rare however. Essentially it is limited to tropical and warm subtropical areas.
Like its relatives, this secretive forest bird hunts birds, mammals and reptiles in woodland, relying on surprise as it flies from a perch to catch its prey unaware. It builds a stick nest in a tree and lays two or three eggs.
The ischnoceran louse Degeeriella storeri is a parasite of this bird; it is not yet known from any other host species. On the other hand, Kurodaia fulvofasciata, an amblyceran louse parasitizing the crested goshawk, is widely found on birds of prey throughout the Holarctic.
In Hong Kong, A. trivirgatus is a protected species under Wild Animals Protection Ordinance Cap 170. It can be found in Kam Shan Country Park.
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- Accipiter trivirgatus
- Thai: เหยี่ยวนกเขาหงอน, yiow nok khao hngon
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
- Ao Phang-Nga National Park
- Bang Lamung District, Chonburi
- Bang Lang National Park
- Bang Phra Non-hunting Area
- Bang Saphan Noi District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
- Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai
- Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Doi Inthanon National Park
- Doi Lang
- Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
- Doi Phu Kha National Park
- Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai
- Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
- Erawan National Park
- Hat Yai District, Songkhla
- Hua Hin District, Prachuap Khiri Khan
- Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Huai Nam Dang National Park
- Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi
- Kaeng Krachan National Park
- Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Dinsor (Chumphon Raptor Center)
- Khao Khitchakut National Park
- Khao Laem National Park
- Khao Luang National Park
- Khao Phanom Bencha National Park
- Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
- Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khao Sok National Park
- Khao Yai National Park
- Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi
- Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khon San District, Chaiyaphum
- Khuan Khanun District, Phatthalung
- Ko Libong
- Ko Samui District, Surat Thani
- Kui Buri National Park
- Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Moei National Park
- Mae Ping National Park
- Mae Rim District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai
- Mae Wong National Park
- Mu Ko Chang National Park
- Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai
- Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai
- Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi
- Mueang Khon Kaen District, Khon Kaen
- Mueang Krabi District, Krabi
- Mueang Nakhon Nayok District, Nakhon Nayok
- Mueang Phuket District, Phuket
- Nam Nao National Park
- Namtok Sam Lan National Park
- Ngao Waterfall National Park
- Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area
- Pang Sida National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park
- Pha Nam Yoi Forest Park
- Phan District, Chiang Rai
- Phato District, Chumphon
- Phu Chi Fa Forest Park
- Phu Foi Lom National Park
- Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
- Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phu Kradueng National Park
- Phu Suan Sai National Park
- Phu Wiang National Park
- Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom
- Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi
- Sakaerat Environmental Research Station
- San Kala Khiri National Park
- San Sai District, Chiang Mai
- Si Racha District, Chonburi
- Sri Phang-nga National Park
- Surin Islands
- Taksin Maharat National Park
- Takua Pa District, Phang Nga
- Tat Mok National Park
- Tha Yang District, Phetchaburi
- Thai Mueang District, Phang Nga
- Thale Ban National Park
- Tham Sakoen National Park
- Thanyaburi District, Pathum Thani
- Thap Lan National Park
- Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
- Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Yan Ta Khao District, Trang
Range map of Accipiter trivirgatus in Thailand
Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.
Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.
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