Thai National Parks

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Common house gecko

Thai: จิ้งจกบ้านหางหนาม

Binomial name: Hemidactylus frenatus, Hermann Schlegel, 1836

The common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus) (not to be confused with the Mediterranean species Hemidactylus turcicus known as Mediterranean house gecko), is a reptile native of Southeast Asia. It is also known as the Pacific house gecko, the Asian house gecko, house lizard, or Moon Lizard.

Habitat

Most geckos are nocturnal, hiding during the day and foraging for insects at night. They can be seen climbing walls of houses and other buildings in search of insects attracted to porch lights, hence their name "house gecko". Spread around the world by ships, these geckos are now common in the Deep South of the United States, large parts of tropical and sub-tropical Australia, and many other countries in South and Central America, Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East. In winter time, in a lot of these climates, they are known for going into a state of brumation in order to withstand the cold. They grow to a length of between 75 - 150 mm, and live for about 5 years. These small geckos are non-venomous and harmless to humans. Medium to large geckos may bite if distressed; however, their bite is gentle and will not pierce skin.

A tropical gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus thrives in warm, humid areas where it can crawl around on rotting wood in search of the insects it eats. The animal is very adaptable and may prey on insects and spiders, displacing other reptiles.

Etymology

Like many geckos, this species can lose its tail when alarmed. Its call or chirp rather resembles the sound "gecko, gecko". However, this is an interpretation, and the sound may also be described as "tchak tchak tchak" (often sounded three times in sequence). In Asia/Southeast Asia, notably Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, and Malaysia, geckos have local names onomatopoetically derived from the sounds they make: Hemidactylus frenatus is called "chee chak" or "chi chak" (pr- chee chuck), said quickly. Also commonly spelled as "cicak" in Malay dictionaries. In the Philippines they are called "butiki" in Tagalog, "tiki" in Visayan, "alutiit" in Ilocano, and in Thailand "jing-jok" (Thai: จิ้งจก). In Myanmar, they are called "အိမ်မြှောင် - ain-mjong" ( "အိမ် - ain" means "house" and "မြှောင် - mjong" means "stick to"). In some parts of India and in Pakistan they are called "chhipkali" (Urdu:چھپکلی, Hindi: छिपकली), from chhipkana, to stick. In Nepal they are called "bhitti" (Nepali: भित्ती) or "mausuli" (Nepali: माउसुली). In other parts of India they are called "kirli" (Punjabi: ਕਿੜਲੀ), "jhiti piti" (Oriya: ଝିଟିପିଟି), "zethi" (Assamese: জেঠী), "thikthikiaa" (Maithili: ठिकठिकिया), "paal" (Marathi: पाल), "gawli" or "palli" (Malayalam: ഗവ്ളി (gawli), പല്ലി (palli), Tamil: பல்லி (palli)), Telugu: బల్లి (balli), Kannada: ಹಲ್ಲಿ (halli), "ali" (Sylheti: ꠀꠟꠤ). In West Bengal and Bangladesh they are called "tiktiki" (Bengali: টিকটিকি) as the sound is perceived as "tik tik tik". In Sri Lanka they are called "huna" in singular form (Sinhalese: හුනා). In Central America they are sometimes called "Limpia Casas" (Spanish: Housecleaners) because they reduce the amount of insects and other arthropods in their homes.

Distribution

This gecko is native to South and Southeast Asia, where it coexists with many other house geckos. It has been introduced and later established in many parts of the world as a result of trading movements. At the present, the Asian House geckos can be found in coastal areas of East Asia (including Japan), Australia, Pacific Islands, Indian Ocean Islands (including Mauritius, Madagascar and Maldives), North America, South America and Caribbean Islands.

House geckos in captivity

House geckos can be kept as pets in a vivarium with a clean substrate, and typically require a heat source and a place to hide in order to regulate their body temperature, and a system of humidifiers and plants to provide them with moisture.

The species will cling to vertical or even inverted surfaces when at rest. In a terrarium they will mostly be at rest on the sides or on the top cover rather than placing themselves on plants, decorations or on the substrate, thus being rather inconspicuous.

House geckos are also used as a food source for some snakes.

Invasive species

In many countries, Hemidactylus frenatus is an introduced species that is considered a pest and even a "serious threat species" to local wildlife.

While the impact of the Asian house gecko has not yet been closely studied, there is evidence that this "generalist predator" can compete with native gecko species for resources and perhaps replace them, especially in urban areas. Asian house geckos have transferred disease-carrying mites to native species.

Superstition

Geckos are considered poisonous in many parts of the world. In Southeast Asia, geckos are believed to be carriers of good omen.

In Yemen and other Arab countries, it is believed that skin disease result from geckos walking over the face of someone who is asleep.

An elaborate system of predicting good and bad omens based on the sounds made by geckos, their movement and the rare instances when geckos fall from roofs has evolved over centuries in India. In some parts of India, the sound made by geckos is considered a bad omen; while in Bangladesh and Nepal, it is considered to be an endorsement of the truthfulness of a statement made just before, because the sound "tik tik tik" coincides with "thik thik thik", which in many Indian languages, means "right right right", i.e., a three-fold confirmation. The cry of a gecko from an east wall as one is about to embark on a journey is considered auspicious, but a cry from any other wall is supposed to be inauspicious. A gecko falling on someone's right shoulder is considered good omen, but a bad omen if it drops on the left shoulder. In Punjab, it is believed that contact with the urine of a gecko will cause leprosy. In some places in India, it is believed that watching a lizard on the eve of Dhanteras is a good omen or a sign of prosperity.

This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Lacertilia
Family
Gekkonidae
Genus
Hemidactylus
Species
Hemidactylus frenatus

Common names

  • German:
    • Gewöhnlicher Halbfingergecko
    • Asiatischer Hausgecko
  • English:
    • Common house gecko
    • Spiny-tailed house gecko
    • South Asian house gecko
    • Bridled house gecko
    • Chichak
  • Thai:
    • จิ้งจกบ้านหางหนาม
    • จิ้งจก, jing jok

Synonyms

  • Hemidactylus cf. frenatus, Daniel Jastrzębski et al. (2013)
  • Hemidactylus vandermeermohri, Alexandre Teynié et al. (2010)
  • Hemidactylys cf. frenatus, Franco Andreone et al. (2003)
  • Pnoepus frenatus, Richard W. Wells (2002)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, Harold Cogger (2000)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, Ernest A. Liner (1994)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, Frank Glaw & Miguel Vences (1994)
  • Hemidactylus fragilis, Benedetto Lanza (1990)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, Benedetto Lanza (1990)
  • Pnoepus papuensis, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus frenatus, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus bojeri, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus vittatus, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus punctatus, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus inornatus, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus caracal, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus pumilus, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Pnoepus fragilis, Richard W. Wells & Cliff Ross Wellington (1985)
  • Hemidactylus auritus, Eduard Friedrich Poeppig (in Fritz Jürgen Obst) (1977)
  • Hemidactylus vandermeermohri, Heinz Wermuth (1965)
  • Hemidactylus okinawensis, Okada (1936)
  • Hemidactylus mabouia, Thomas Barbour & Arthur Loveridge (1929)
  • Hemidactylus vandermeer mohri, Léo Daniël Brongersma (1928)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, Nelly de Rooij (1915)
  • Hemidactylus nigriventris, Nelly de Rooij (1915)
  • Hemidactylus fragilis, Enrica Calabresi (1915)
  • Hemidactylus bowringii, Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1907)
  • Hemidactylus nigriventris, Theodorus Willem van Lidth de Jeude (1905)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, George Albert Boulenger (1885)
  • Hemidactylus tristis, Henri Émile Sauvage (1879)
  • Hemidactylus papuensis, William John Macleay (1877)
  • Hemidactylus longiceps, Edward Drinker Cope (1869)
  • Hemidactylus hexaspis, Edward Drinker Cope (1869)
  • Gecko caracal, Robert Christopher Tytler (1865)
  • Gecko chaus, Robert Christopher Tytler (1865)
  • Hemidactylus inornatus, Edward Hallowell (1861)
  • Hemidactylus pumilus, Edward Hallowell (1861)
  • Hemidactylus fraenatus, Pieter Bleeker (1857)
  • Hemidactylus punctatus, Thomas Caverhill Jerdon (1853)
  • Hemidactylus vittatus, John Edward Gray (1845)
  • Hemidactylus (pnoepus) bojeri, Leopold Fitzinger (1843)
  • Hemidactylus frenatus, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1836)
  • Hemidactylus javanicus, Leopold Fitzinger (1826)
Distribution map of Common house gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus in Thailand

Range map of Hemidactylus frenatus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Species Identification Help group on Facebook.