Thai National Parks

Due to COVID-19 outbreak, all national parks, wildlife sactuaries and other protected forest areas in Thailand are closed from 25th March until further notice. Some popular tourist destinations like Similan Islands, Surin Islands are within national parks, they too are closed. We will announce from here when the parks reopen.

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

South Asian bockadam

Thai: งูปากกว้างน้ำเค็ม, ngu paak guang naam kaem

Binomial name: Cerberus rynchops, Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider, 1799

Cerberus rynchops, also known as the New Guinea bockadam, South Asian bockadam, bockadam snake, or dog-faced water snake, is a mildly venomous species of a snake in the family Homalopsidae. It is native to coastal waters of South and Southeast Asia. The species was re-delimited in 2012, allocating populations east and south of the west coast of Thailand to other species.

Ecology and behaviour

It is commonly found in mangroves, mudflats, streams, ponds, tidal pools, on algae patches, and has even been found burrowing into the mud. It is rear-fanged and is mildly venomous. An aquatic and nocturnal snake, it feeds mainly on fish and is known to consume eels.

In captivity, it is observed to move in a sidewinding direction on land. In the BBC series 'Life in Cold Blood' it was filmed adapting this sidewinding technique to jump across a mudflat in Singapore; up until then, no snakes were considered able to truly jump. It also has a prehensile tail that would suggest it could climb mangrove trees. It is now known to give birth to live young, numbering from 8 to 30, either in water or on land.

It is a quite docile, mild-tempered and a hardy snake; in recent years it has become a welcome addition to snake hobbyists in the Philippines. It also owes its popularity to its bright yellow to orange belly coloring, mostly of females. In the Philippines, particularly in the Central Visayas area, this snake is commonly known as the "tangkig".

Description

The visibility of upper jaw, giving it a dog-like appearance. Head long and distinct from neck. Eyes small and beady, with rounded pupils. Dorsum dark gray, with faint dark blotches and a dark line along the sides of the head, across the eyes. Center cream with two distinct rows of large, diffuse dark gray spots.

Scales are distinctly keeled. Midbody scale rows 21-25. Ventrals 132-160. Subcaudals 49-72.

Distribution and habitat

This is a saltwater-tolerant species found in India (including Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Sri Lanka, North Western Pakistan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Bangladesh, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Thailand. The eastern limit of its distribution with Cerberus schneiderii is uncertain.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Colubridae
Genus
Cerberus
Species
Cerberus rynchops

Common names

  • Thai: งูปากกว้างน้ำเค็ม, ngu paak guang naam kaem

Synonyms

  • Cerberus rynchops, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Cerberus rynchops, John C. Murphy & Harold K. Voris (2014)
  • Cerberus rhynchops, T. S. N. Murthy (2010)
  • Cerberus rynchops, Harold Cogger (2000)
  • Cerberus rynchops, Merel J. Cox et al. (1998)
  • Cerberus rynchops, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Cerberus rhynchops, John Roscoe Hendrickson (1966)
  • Cerberus rynchops rynchops, Arthur Loveridge (1948)
  • Cerberus rynchops, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1943)
  • Hurria rynchops, Robert Mertens (1930)
  • Cerberus rynchops, Malcolm Arthur Smith (1930)
  • Cerberus rhynchops, Frank Wall (1921)
  • Hurria rynchops, Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1907)
  • Cerberus rhynchops sic, George Albert Boulenger (1894)
  • Cerberus rhynchops, John Anderson (1871)
  • Cerberus rhynchops, Albert Charles Lewis Günther (1864)
  • Homalopsis rhinchops (sic), Theodore Edward Cantor (1847)
  • Cerberus cinereus, Theodore Edward Cantor (1839)
  • Cerberus cerberus, Georges-Frédéric Cuvier (1829)
  • Homalopsis rhynchops, Friedrich Boie (1827)
  • Homalopsis cerberus, Leopold Fitzinger (1826)
  • Homalopsis molurus, Heinrich Boie (1826)
  • Python rhynchops, Blasius Merrem (1820)
  • Coluber cerberus, François Marie Daudin (1803)
  • Hydrus cinereus, George Shaw (1802)
  • Hydrus rynchops, Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider (1799)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of South Asian bockadam, Cerberus rynchops in Thailand
  • Kra Buri District, Ranong
  • Mueang Krabi District, Krabi

Range map of Cerberus rynchops in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

It is free to use this map on various media. See the creative common license terms by clicking "CC" icon below the map. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Biodiversity Survey & Species ID group on Facebook.