Thai National Parks

Snakes of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Pink-headed reed snake

In Thai: งูพงอ้อหัวแดง, ngu pong ao hua daeng

Binomial name: Calamaria schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron, 1854

Calamaria schlegli or the Pink Headed Reed Snake is a relatively small sized burrowing or fossorial snake. It is called reed snake due to its cylindrical body. Nocturnal in habit, it mainly feeds on slugs and frogs

The key identification characters are modified maxillary teeth and scale characteristics. The third and fourth upper lip scales touch the eye. The mental scale does not touch the anterior chin shields. The nasal scales are oriented laterally. There is considerable geographic variation. Preocular scales are present in snakes from Singapore and Malaya but absent in those from Java and sometimes present on those from Borneo and Sumatra.

It has a characteristic pink head and glossy sheen on the body. Often confused with the Blue Malayan Coral Snake Calliophis bivirgatus.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Colubridae
Genus
Calamaria
Species
Calamaria schlegeli

Common names

  • German: Schlegels Riednatter
  • English:
    • Pink-headed reed snake
    • Red-headed reed snake
    • White-headed reed snake
  • Thai: งูพงอ้อหัวแดง, ngu pong ao hua daeng

Subspecies

  • Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri, Giorgio Jan, 1862

  • Calamaria schlegeli schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril, Gabriel Bibron & Auguste Duméril, 1854

Synonyms

  • Calamaria schlegeli, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Calamaria schegeli, Samuel D. Howard & Graeme R. Gillespie (2007)
  • Calamaria schlegelii, Robert Frederick Inger & Harold Knight Voris (2001)
  • Calamaria schlegelii, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri, Robert Frederick Inger & Hymen Marx (1965)
  • Calamaria schegeli, Robert Frederick Inger & Hymen Marx (1965)
  • Keiometopon booliati, Edward Harrison Taylor (1962)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie (1954)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, Robert Mertens (1930)
  • Calamaria agamensis, George Albert Boulenger (1894)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, George Albert Boulenger (1894)
  • Calamaria iris, Oskar Boettger (1873)
  • Calamaria cuvieri, Giorgio Jan (1865)
  • Calamaria schlegeli , Giorgio Jan (1865)
  • Calamaria martapurensis, Abraham Carel J. Edeling (1865)
  • Calamaria nigro alba, Albert Charles Lewis Günther (1864)
  • Calamaria cuvieri, Giorgio Jan (1862)
  • Calamaria sinkawangensis, Pieter Bleeker (1860)
  • Calamaria dumerili, Pieter Bleeker (1860)
  • Calamaria agamensis, Pieter Bleeker (1859)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1854)
  • Calamaria schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1854)
  • Calamaria schlegeli schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1854)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Photos

Calamaria schlegeli
Calamaria schlegeli
Calamaria schlegeli
Calamaria schlegeli global range

Range Map

Distribution map of Pink-headed reed snake, Calamaria schlegeli in Thailand
  • Betong District, Yala
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khok Pho District, Pattani
Range map of Calamaria schlegeli in Thailand