Thai National Parks

Reptiles of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Red-headed reed snake

Thai: งูพงอ้อหัวแดง, ngu pong ao hua daeng

Binomial name: Calamaria schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron, 1854

Calamaria schlegli or the Pink Headed Reed Snake is a relatively small sized burrowing or fossorial snake. It is called reed snake due to its cylindrical body. Nocturnal in habit, it mainly feeds on slugs and frogs

The key identification characters are modified maxillary teeth and scale characteristics. The third and fourth upper lip scales touch the eye. The mental scale does not touch the anterior chin shields. The nasal scales are oriented laterally. There is considerable geographic variation. Preocular scales are present in snakes from Singapore and Malaya but absent in those from Java and sometimes present on those from Borneo and Sumatra.

It has a characteristic pink head and glossy sheen on the body. Often confused with the Blue Malayan Coral Snake Calliophis bivirgatus.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. Photos in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines.

Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Reptilia
Order
Squamata
Suborder
Serpentes
Family
Colubridae
Genus
Calamaria
Species
Calamaria schlegeli

Common names

  • German: Schlegels Riednatter
  • English:
    • Red-headed reed snake
    • Pink-headed reed snake
    • White-headed reed snake
  • Thai: งูพงอ้อหัวแดง, ngu pong ao hua daeng

Subspecies

  • Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri, Giorgio Jan, 1862

  • Calamaria schlegeli schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril, Gabriel Bibron & Auguste Duméril, 1854

Synonyms

  • Calamaria schlegeli, Van Stanley Bartholomew Wallach et al. (2014)
  • Calamaria schegeli, Samuel D. Howard & Graeme R. Gillespie (2007)
  • Calamaria schlegelii, Robert Frederick Inger & Harold Knight Voris (2001)
  • Calamaria schlegelii, Ulrich Manthey & Wolfgang Grossmann (1997)
  • Calamaria schegeli, Robert Frederick Inger & Hymen Marx (1965)
  • Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri, Robert Frederick Inger & Hymen Marx (1965)
  • Keiometopon booliati, Edward Harrison Taylor (1962)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, Michael Wilmer Forbes Tweedie (1954)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, Robert Mertens (1930)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, George Albert Boulenger (1894)
  • Calamaria agamensis, George Albert Boulenger (1894)
  • Calamaria iris, Oskar Boettger (1873)
  • Calamaria martapurensis, Abraham Carel J. Edeling (1865)
  • Calamaria schlegeli , Giorgio Jan (1865)
  • Calamaria cuvieri, Giorgio Jan (1865)
  • Calamaria nigro alba, Albert Charles Lewis Günther (1864)
  • Calamaria cuvieri, Giorgio Jan (1862)
  • Calamaria dumerili, Pieter Bleeker (1860)
  • Calamaria sinkawangensis, Pieter Bleeker (1860)
  • Calamaria agamensis, Pieter Bleeker (1859)
  • Calamaria schlegeli schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1854)
  • Calamaria schlegeli, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1854)
  • Calamaria leucocephala, André Marie Constant Duméril & Gabriel Bibron (1854)

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Red-headed reed snake, Calamaria schlegeli in Thailand
  • Khok Pho District, Pattani

Range map of Calamaria schlegeli in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits and Parinya Pawangkhanant for their help with many range data.

Contribute or get help with ID

Please help us improving our species range maps. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you.

For the location, please provide the district name or the national park/ wildlife sanctuary name.

Please post your images to our Thai Species Identification Help group on Facebook.