In Thai: นกแอ่นใหญ่หัวตาขาว, nok aen yai hua taa khaw
Binomial name: Hirundapus giganteus, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1825
The brown-backed needletail (Hirundapus giganteus), or brown needletail, is a large swift.
These birds have very short legs which they use only mainly for clinging to vertical surfaces. They never settle voluntarily on the ground and spend most of their lives in the air, living on the insects they catch in their beaks.
These swifts are resident breeders in hill forests in southern Asia from India east to Indonesia and the Philippines.
They build their nests in rock crevices in cliffs, laying 3-5 eggs. The flight is impressively fast, even compared to other swifts.
The brown-backed needletail is a very large swift, and at 23 cm is bigger than the Alpine swift and the white-throated needletail. It has a similar build to the latter species, with a heavy barrel-like body. They are dark brown except for a white undertail, which extends on to the flanks.
The Hirundapus needletailed swifts get their name from the spiny end to the tail, which is not forked as in the Apus typical swifts.
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Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Apodiformes Family Apodidae Genus Hirundapus Species Hirundapus giganteus
Thai: นกแอ่นใหญ่หัวตาขาว, nok aen yai hua taa khaw
Least Concern (IUCN3.1)
No photo for this species yet
Ban Bueng District, Chonburi Bang Lang National Park Bang Phra Non-Hunting Area Bang Saphan Noi District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Bueng Khong Long Non-Hunting Area Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Doi Inthanon National Park Doi Lang Doi Lo District, Chiang Mai Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai Doi Suthep - Pui National Park Erawan National Park Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary Hat Chao Mai National Park Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park Hua Hin District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Kaeng Krachan National Park Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Dinsor (Chumphon Raptor Center) Khao Khiao - Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Khitchakut National Park Khao Luang National Park Khao Nam Khang National Park Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Phra Thaeo Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Khao Sok National Park Khao Yai National Park Khlong Lan National Park Khon San District, Chaiyaphum Khun Chae National Park Khun Nan National Park Khun Tan District, Chiang Rai Ko Lanta National Park Ko Libong Ko Phra Thong Kui Buri National Park Mae Ping National Park Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Mae Wong National Park Mueang Chiang Mai District, Chiang Mai Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon Mueang Krabi District, Krabi Mueang Nong Khai District, Nong Khai Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi Mueang Phuket District, Phuket Mueang Ranong District, Ranong Mueang Songkhla District, Songkhla Mueang Tak District, Tak Nam Nao National Park Ngao Waterfall National Park Nong Bong Khai Non-Hunting Area Omkoi Wildlife Sanctuary Pa Sang District, Lamphun Pachee River Wildlife Sanctuary Pak Thale Pang Sida National Park Pha Daeng National Park Phu Chong Na Yoi National Park Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary Phu Kradueng National Park Phu Langka National Park Phu Suan Sai National Park Phu Wiang National Park Ramkhamhaeng National Park Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi Sai Yok National Park Sakaerat Environmental Research Station San Kala Khiri National Park San Sai District, Chiang Mai Sri Phang-nga National Park Surin Islands Tai Rom Yen National Park Takua Pa District, Phang Nga Tarutao National Marine Park Tat Mok National Park Thale Ban National Park Than Sadet - Koh Pha-Ngan National Park Thap Lan National Park Wang Mai Forest Restoration Project Range map of Hirundapus giganteus in Thailand
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