Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Black hornbill

Anthracoceros malayanus, Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1822

(In Thai: นกเงือกดำ)

The black hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) is a species of bird of the hornbill family Bucerotidae. It lives in Asia in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand.

The Black-casqued Hornbill has a selectiveness towards the environment and resources when it comes to reproduction. This organism will only start breeding and nesting when there is a large supply of fruits available, and in trees of larger size. When there are limited resources available, and may curtail nesting for years when there is a low availability of fruits(4).

It is the major seed disperser for Durio graveolens, a species of durian. The connection is strong enough to reflect in some of the common names for the fruit: The Kenyah and Dayak peoples call it durian anggang (lit. 'hornbill durian'), and in Malay it is called / (lit. 'durian bird'),


The male has a yellowish bill while the female has a dark grey bill.

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Category / Seasonal Status

Wiki listed status (concerning Thai population): Rare

BCST Category: Recorded in an apparently wild state within the last 50 years

BCST Seasonal status: Resident or presumed resident

Scientific classification

Anthracoceros malayanus

Common names

  • Thai: นกเงือกดำ

Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Near Threatened (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (BirdLife)

Critically Endangered (IUCN3.1)

Critically Endangered (ONEP)

Critically Endangered (IUCN3.1)

Critically Endangered (BCST)


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Black hornbill

Range Map

Distribution map of Black hornbill, Anthracoceros malayanus in Thailand
  • Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Luang National Park
  • Khao Sok National Park
  • Sri Phang-nga National Park
  • Thale Ban National Park
Range map of Anthracoceros malayanus in Thailand