Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Bay-backed shrike

Thai: นกอีเสือหลังแดงตะโพกเทา, nok e-seua lang daeng taphok thao

Binomial name: Lanius vittatus, Achille Valenciennes, 1826

The bay-backed shrike (Lanius vittatus) is a member of the bird family Laniidae, the shrikes, resident in South Asia.

Description

It is smallish shrike at 17 cm, maroon-brown above with a pale rump and long black tail with white edges. The underparts are white, but with buff flanks.

The crown and nape are grey, with a typical shrike black bandit mask through the eye. There is a small white wing patch, and the bill and legs are dark grey.

Sexes are similar, but young birds are washed-out versions of the adults.

Habits and habitat

The bay-backed shrike has a characteristic upright "shrike" attitude perched on a bush, from which it sallies after lizards, large insects, small birds and rodents.

Prey may be impaled upon a sharp point, such as a thorn. Thus secured they can be ripped with the strong hooked bill, but its feet are not suited for tearing.

It is a widespread resident breeder in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, and has recently been recorded from Sri Lanka. It nests in bushes in scrubby areas and cultivation, laying 3-5 eggs.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Passeriformes
Family
Laniidae
Genus
Lanius
Species
Lanius vittatus

Common names

  • Thai: นกอีเสือหลังแดงตะโพกเทา, nok e-seua lang daeng taphok thao

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Distribution map of Bay-backed shrike, Lanius vittatus in Thailand
  • Ban Lat District, Phetchaburi
  • Laem Pak Bia

Range map of Lanius vittatus in Thailand

Important note; our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. The data is not necessarily accurate or complete.

Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data.

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