Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

Yellow-crowned woodpecker

In Thai: นกหัวขวานด่างหน้าผากเหลือง, nok hua khwaan daang naaphaak leuang

Binomial name: Leiopicus mahrattensis

The yellow-crowned woodpecker (Leiopicus mahrattensis) or Mahratta woodpecker is a species of small pied woodpecker found in the Indian subcontinent. It is the only species placed in the genus Leiopicus.

Taxonomy

The yellow-crowned woodpecker was originally described by the English ornithologist John Latham in 1801 under the binomial name Picus mahrattensis. It is now the only species placed in the genus Leiopicus that was introduced by the French ornithologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1854. The specific epithet mahrattensis is from Marhatta, a historical region in the modern Indian state of Maharashtra. The genus name Leiopicus combines the Classical Greek leios meaning "smooth" or "beardless" and pikos meaning "woodpecker". The yellow-crowned woodpecker is closely related to the woodpeckers in the genus Dendrocoptes.

Description

A medium-small (17.5 cm, 6.9 inches, 28-46 grams, 1–1.6 ounces), pale-headed, pied woodpecker. Upper-parts black, heavily spotted and barred white. Underparts dark, streaked dingy white with red belly patch. Irregular brown cheek and neck patches. Female has yellowish crown and nape. In male nape scarlet and fore-crown yellow.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Piciformes
Family
Picidae
Genus
Leiopicus
Species
Leiopicus mahrattensis

Common names

  • Thai: นกหัวขวานด่างหน้าผากเหลือง, nok hua khwaan daang naaphaak leuang

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map