Thai National Parks

Birds of Thailand

Species of Thailand

White-throated fantail

In Thai: นกอีแพรดคอขาว, nok e-phaed kho khaaw

Binomial name: Rhipidura albicollis, Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot, 1818

The white-throated fantail (Rhipidura albicollis) is a small passerine bird. It is found in forest, scrub and cultivation across tropical southern Asia from the Himalayas, India and Bangladesh east to Indonesia. The white-spotted fantail (R. albogularis) until recently was considered a subspecies.

Description

The adult white-throated fantail is about 19 cm long. It has a dark fan-shaped tail, edged in white, and white supercilium and throat. There is otherwise much variation in plumage between races. Most resemble the Himalayan R. a. canescans which is mainly slate grey above and below, with a black eye mask, and a white throat and eyebrow.

Local names for the bird in India include Nasoni sorai (Assamese).

Behaviour

The white-throated fantail lays three eggs in a small cup nest in a tree. It is insectivorous, and often fans its tail as it moves through the undergrowth.

The eggs are approximately 2 cm in length. They are white in colour, with a band of brown spots around the middle, closer towards the base of the egg.

Birds use the same song year after year, with progressively small changes, with the result that the song sounds very different after 4–5 years. The male's call is a valuable tool in detection and identification of the bird, which can often be confused with the white-browed fantail, R. aureola, where their ranges overlap. R. aureola has light underparts and prominent spots in two rows on the wings.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Passeriformes
Family
Rhipiduridae
Genus
Rhipidura
Species
Rhipidura albicollis

Common names

  • Thai: นกอีแพรดคอขาว, nok e-phaed kho khaaw

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Least Concern (IUCN3.1)

Range Map

Distribution map of White-throated fantail, Rhipidura albicollis in Thailand
Range map of Rhipidura albicollis in Thailand